Hospitals & Asylums
Constitution of Hospitals & Asylums Non Governmental Executive
Sanders Clause © HA-20-12-05
We now establish a non governmental organization to draft an enlightening rule of law that upholds internationally recognized human rights, for future generations.
Hospitals & Asylums (HA) traces its history to the
Our purpose is to make
Our principles dictate non violent social change and the non use of force as a fundamental way of life in all dealings with all people that rejects all forms of hatred, bigotry and prejudice.
We value unconditional, universal love, truthfulness, courage and compassion that dedicate us to the creation of a community where all people can live together as sisters and brothers.
Educated that to win friendship and understanding with which to defeat injustice we have no recourse but to choose love instead of hate.
Social change may be catalyzed through the disciplined process of information gathering, education, personal commitment, negotiations, direct action and reconciliation.
Leadership is a responsibility for those willing to serve the public for free and a right for those who do so peacefully.
Executives are editors who render final judgment in regards to the disclosure of information.
Asylum is a friendly process whereby persecuted people, who are not criminals against humanity, are defended against prosecution, that is.
Democracy is the fundamental right of the individual to think for Society. Society in turn elects the wisest and most ethical counsel to lead, with utmost consideration for the poor.
Believing that the codification and progressive development of the law of treaties will promote the maintenance of international peace and security, the development of friendly relations and the achievement of co-operation among people the following Constitution is drafted for the second time within 30 days of notification by the ABA Center for Continuing Legal Education for the answer(s) of the Organization of Administrators of Continuing Legal Education (ORACLE)
(A) The original HA statute can be found in the 10 Chapters of Title 24 US Code. The first three and last Chapters deal with humanitarian relief and retirement missions of the Military Department, however in 1992, at the end of the first Iraq war, Chapter 2 and the vast majority of Chapter 3 were either repealed or transferred to Chapter 10. Chapter 4, 5 & 6 deal with the foundation of a community system to reduce the population of a psychiatric hospital, a school for the deaf and Freedmen’s Hospital that served as an asylum for African Americans, in Washington DC, before the civil war. Chapter 7 treats upon National Cemeteries but everything has been repealed except for the Arlington Memorial Amphitheatre that calls for an annual report to Congress regarding the entombments of soldiers. Chapter 8 settles Gorgas Hospital along the Panama Canal. Chapter 9 explains the due process of an individual claim for release from detention in Hospitalization of Mentally Ill Nationals Returned from Foreign Countries. The Naval Hospital Act of Feb. 26, 1811 was first tried in US v. Fillebrown, Wash. 32 US 28 (1833) 7 Pet.44 I. Ed. 596 and cited for Justice Story in Minis v. US 40 U.S. 423 (1841).
(B) The mission of HA is to reform the law for the benefit of public health and welfare. Everybody can be great, because everybody can serve. Everyone has a professional responsibility to provide effective services to those unable to pay. HA volunteers the highest quality of legal research at no fee or substantially reduced fee to individuals, groups or organizations seeking to secure freedoms through human rights rights and promotes charitable societies of religious, judicial, health, community, governmental, educational and scientific organizations. HA statute authorizes the writer,
(1) to render interpretations of HA statute in litigation and legislation;
(2) to support humanitarian, hospital, asylum and medical supply programs in the spirit of the original Chapter One;
(3) to prohibit unlawful intrusions of reserves and violations of rules and regulation and demand fines therefore, up to $1,000 24USC(3)V§154;
(4) to plan the conversion of detention centers into community centers and entitlement to social security as done at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital 24USC(4)III§225;
(5) to annually list monuments for
(6) to contract for the release of detainees 24USC(9)§323;
(7) to pay reparations through fines and forfeitures under Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund 24USC(10)§419;
(8) to dispose of the effects of deceased in accordance with will of the decedent under 24USC(10)§420;
(9) to rename the Department of
Defense to the Military Department; bringing 98 3 40 Stat. 1303 (
Art. 2 Right to Write
(A) The right to write is the only right offered by HA. To participate scholars are directed to write Hospitals & Asylums on the top of their page, above themselves, and before the title and body of the work. Writing is civil law personified and everyone is welcome, even encouraged to contribute to the community, in writing. Political publications must be peaceful. Essays should be written in English, on Microsoft Word and sent by email, to be published as News on the Hospitals & Asylums Website with potential to be promoted to the litigation or legislation columns or public health page or just contribute to the development of the Statute.
(1) Writers must seek to apply their research in human rights and science for positive nonviolent social change, readers, publishers and actors are responsible in turn for upholding the moral and material interests of the author under Art. 27(2) Universal Declaration of Human Rights of December 10, 1948.
(2) It shall be permissible to make quotations from a work which has already been lawfully made available to the public under the doctrine of fair use.
(3) Technical changes are made through the process of amendment and errors can be repealed; there is never any need for fighting about writing.
(B) The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of September 9, 1886 establishes the laws of the union in regards to intellectual property rights
(2) The author, or after his death the persons or institutions authorized by legislation, shall, with respect to original works of art and original manuscripts of writers and composers, enjoy the inalienable right to an interest in any sale of the work.
(C) The HA Title has been amended
annually since 2003 and should reach maturity with the
(1) HA is a fundamental law that renders international and institutional law rational to the mind of the individual.
(2) HA is available for citation and printing on the Internet at www.title24uscode.org
(3) It is customary to inform the author of any publication or citation of their work.
Art. 3 Periodical Publications
(A) HA has been published quarterly, equinox and solstice, since 2001, in widening conference with the UN. The subscription system is the solar system of HA. It is highly recommended for people who receive an essay that involves them to cite the essay and subscribe to the magazine so as to avail of the contract law. They are also welcome to unsubscribe.
(1) Distribution of the quarterly is done in an unsolicited fashion for upstanding authors considered to uphold human rights who publicly display their email addresses on the web and individuals who volunteer them in writing.
(2) Having received the quarterly by email a reader is consciously registered in the HA System and may,
(a) Unsubscribe or subscribe to the monthly
(a) Read the journal in whole or in part.
(b) Take notes and politically participate by undertaking the academic challenges and transitional issues presented in the HA Statute and emailing these comments and opinions for publication.
(c) To assure publication on the HA Website send a research paper citing HA Statute as an email attachment with cover letter that may alternatively request a review of an existing web page they independently author. The heading of the essay should be Hospitals & Asylums.
(B) The development of a HA Website in Dec. 2004 has facilitated the syndication of a monthly magazine.
(1) HA Membership is a gift to the entire human race however in order to develop political independence and a self supporting society of friends it has been decided to uphold a subscription system to serve as the rational basis for a society of Members able to grant informed consent to the periodical, in writing.
(2) Members can be individuals, institutions, governments, non-governmental organizations or corporations sworn to nonviolence.
(3) Members are also served with the quarterly journal and can consider themselves clients if they find the reading useful.
(5) Anyone who makes an annual financial contribution of $24, or greater, will be entered in the list of members.
(6) Anyone who is mentioned in an essay may wish to consider themselves a client if this is in their interest, particularly contributing scholars who are cited or linked to.
(7) Anyone who regularly submits hand written scholarly essay to HA, irregardless of whether or not it is published, is entitled to be entered in the Members list, but may need to write a memorandum.
(8) Anyone who submits an essay is entitled to be published.
(9) To subscribe to the monthly, publish an essay, or to unsubscribe politely, at any time, email: email@example.com
Art. 4 Non-Governmental Organizations
(A) HA NGO is a society where people of all races, sexes, countries of origin and social classes may pursue of the meaning of HA, in writing and deed, singly and collectively, in order to achieve higher standards of living, scholarship, truth and understanding than would otherwise be available to the organization.
(1) The maxim is that HA Government is so ugly that intellectual isolation requires the constitution of a non governmental organization, to distinguish HA from the government, thereby bolstering public trust in the academic freedom and fairness of the organization.
(2) HA, unhappy with the human rights situation in the
(B) The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is authorized to make suitable arrangements for consultation with non-governmental organizations under Art. 71 of Chapter X of the UN Charter.
(1) Having widened international responsibilities since the Millennium Declaration HA has applied under ECOSOC Resolution 1996/31 for registration with the DESA NGO Section in the organizational session of January 2006 to be available for general consultation with the UN pursuant to the application of HA-25-5-05.
(2) Registration of the NGO with the UN is intended to improve the security of HA treatise by establishing adequate social safeguards respecting the equal right to consultative status of the author in the execution of their judgment and matters of mutual interest without any factionalism or conflict of interest self evident in national and jurisdictional politics.
(3) A quadrennial report shall be prepared for the NGO Section of ECOSOC.
(4) An annually amended treaty and ledger shall be delivered to the General Assembly World Summit in September.
(5) As a registered NGO HA will have the authority to appoint representatives to attend UN conferences.
(C) In the
(1) There is a deep understanding between HA 24 US Code and the UN in regards to the principle of the non use of force set forth in Article 2(4) of the UN Charter, that is often considered the jus cogens, universal norm of international law, that states, “all Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.”
(2) The appropriate form of address is Hospitals & Asylums (HA).
(3) Displease as a peace loving political consulting organization but grateful for the general consultative status, that will permit the atlases to recognize State NGO Membership with HA under Art. 9.
Art. 5 Political Party
(A) To put democracy in the best light and facilitate the peaceful behavior of political participation there is hereby established this day a United Nations Hospitals & Asylums Political Party Year whereby all the people unsatisfied with the many political parties of their State legislatures or State Parties of the UN General Assembly, may freely associate with the likeminded friends and members of HA to achieve their political objectives by means of the Executive and view the election results at Election World. The republican principles of equal rights, self determination and non violence ensure that all HA political parties manifested regarding legal issues shall be as pleasant and peaceful as a social get together amongst friends and felons with faith in justice under the Inter-American Democratic Charter Adopted by the OAS General Assembly at its special session held in Lima, Peru, on September 11, 2001
(B) Art. 25 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 23 March 1976, states, every citizen shall have the right and the opportunity:
(a) To take part in the conduct of public affairs, directly or through freely chosen representatives;
(b) To vote and to be elected at genuine periodic elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret ballot, guaranteeing the free expression of the will of the electors;
(c) To have access, on general terms of equality, to public service in his or her country.
(C) Everyone has the right to express their opinions in writing and to be treated with dignity.
(1) Democracy is a way of life and a socio-political behavior that is both humble and human but wise with respect to the promotion of human life, human rights, health and society and the swift and dispassionate adjudication of crimes against humanity and the environment as a voting public.
(2) HA crystallizes the democratic thought that institutional society at all levels can be easily governed by an individual, in writing, through the rule of law.
(D) It is however not fun to laugh alone, nor is it fun lead the world alone and fair laws are needed for society to be happy.
(1) One may seek the constitutional councils of geographic and academic discipline who are politically organized enough to uphold the electoral process by voting democratically in review of the literature and able to make use of the mass media.
(E) The objective of a Political Party is Political Union. Political union occurs when customs unions and market economies join together in agreement to legislate and uphold laws of importance to the commonwealth.
(1) It is absolutely critical and fundamental to principles of democracy that Political Parties eschew support for or from the armed forces, in their campaigns.
(2) It is prohibited for a Political Party to appoint leadership in the Armed Forces or Judiciary as this creates the most dangerous social phenomenon known to mankind.
(3) The judiciary must be unbiased in political and electoral issues and although litigation is obviously required the trials of Political Parties should be held by the Boards of Elections.
(4) The purpose of a Political Party is to achieve a peaceful and educated society that evolves to meet exigencies through the scientific development of the collective consciousness of people free to choose their own careers and free to elect the most reasonable leaders, rather than suffer a rule of armed force or other forms of coercion and inequality as explained by the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq.
(5) A Political Party is philosophically diametrically opposed to the use of armed or military force.
(6) A Political Party must be honest, peaceful, compassionate, brotherly, equal and most of all free.
Art. 6 Public Health
(A) Art. 10 (bed) of the Declaration on Social Progress and Development 11 December 1969 summarizes the Constitution of the World Health Organization of 22 July 1946 ensuring: (b) The elimination of hunger and malnutrition and the guarantee of the right to proper nutrition. (e) The raising of general standards of literacy, in order to; (d) achieve the highest standards of health and the provision of health protection for the entire population, if possible free of charge.
(B) AMA Code of Medical Ethics explains that public health is the study of the impact of illness, mortality and healthcare upon society. Public health ensures:
(1) sufficient vaccines for the population,
(2) supply of technological treatments,
(3) networking of national laboratories,
(4) financing and recognition of important research,
(5) health insurance,
(6) education in regards to hygiene, exercise and the dangers of health risks,
(7) national health surveys,
(8) the management of epidemics,
(9) identification of barriers to the achievement of health goals and development of programs to overcome them.
(C) To keep abreast of public health research HA syndicates:
(A) Peace, justice and nonviolence are fundamental to the Rule of Law. The golden rule is that one should do unto others as one would have done unto your self. An unjust law however is no law at all. What is the difference between the two? How does one determine when a law is just or unjust? A just law is a man made code that squares with the moral law. An unjust law is one that is out of harmony with God, the constitution or human rights. An unjust law is a human law that is not routed in eternal law and natural law. Any law that degrades human personality or is born in false witness is unjust. John Locke wrote in the 17th century: "The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom." To ensure that human association is safe and positive, without victimization the fundamental pledge of adherence to the Rule of Law is found in ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 23 March 1976:
(1) The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 23 March 1976 recognizing the Human Rights Committee and;
(2) The Second Optional Protocol aiming at the abolition of the death penalty of 15 December 1989.
(4) In States that have not agreed to the foregoing Optional Protocols only individuals who do may subscribe or be members to HA.
(B) Constitutional law is the supreme law that establishes the scope, institutions, purposes and principles of government.
(1) Human rights insures everyone who is injured, disabled, or aged or whose (intellectual) property or time is appropriated for use by the government has the right to just compensation.
(2) Equal rights must be upheld so that the rich and the poor can mutually benefit from the economic laws that unite society with the intention to ameliorate poverty mathematically.
(3) Civil law involves written arguments, agreements and judgments settling legal disputes between individuals and unions.
(4) Civil rights involves nondiscrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex or class, the release of detainees and their equal rights including the right to vote.
(5) Criminal law involves the investigation, trial and detention of those who commit crimes against humanity.
(6) Martial law defends against war crimes.
(C) Justice involves reciprocity between adversaries to satisfactorily settle legal disputes, through informed consent pursuant to the written judgment of a third part neutral.
(1) Justice involves discovering laws or their application to be unjust or unconstitutional for the pacific resolution of a case or to request them amended or repealed.
(2) Justice requires that criminal defendants who are not criminals against humanity be acquitted with a determination as to whether or not that person has been convicted of an offense or directed to make reasonable restitution. The acquittal process involves the dismissal of criminal investigators from the case or entirely from the service depending upon the gravity of the offense against honor.
(D) As a member of a learned profession, a lawyer should cultivate knowledge of the law beyond its use for clients and employ that knowledge in reform of the law and work to strengthen legal education in the public interest as best represented in the spirit of the ABA Model Rules of Professional Responsibility.
(1) Legal institutions in a constitutional democracy depend on popular participation and support to maintain their authority therefore lawyers should further the public's understanding of and confidence in the rule of law and justice system.
(2) A lawyer should be mindful of deficiencies in the administration of justice and legislature and of the fact that the poor, and sometimes persons who are not poor, cannot or have not afforded adequate legal assistance and are entitled to free, professionally literate and friendly legal services nonetheless.
Art. 8 Continuing Legal Education
(A) This Constitution has been amended within 30 days of
notification by the
(B) The CLE program is free. HA hopes to generate revenues from optional tax deductible membership contributions and from the mutual intellectual property rights of works published by HA. So as not to be reliant upon the advertisement of the State CLE Administrators for motivation lawyers are encouraged to immediately subscribe to the free monthly and quarterly e-magazine in accordance with Art. 3 of this Constitution. Although this reading is not tested; lawyers will need to subscribe to the periodical to be reasonably expected to politically participate in HA. Authors may also seek help from the Executive regarding the topic of their essays or research direction. The program involves writing an essay in Microsoft Word addressing academic challenges and transitional issues arising under Hospitals & Asylums Statute that must be cited, for publication in .doc on the Hospitals & Asylums Website. 1 credit will be granted for every 10 single spaced pages. The author must write their name and email address on the essay that should state Hospitals & Asylums at the top of the page. To provide an ethical dimension, as time permits, every essay will be: (a) summarized in .htm, (b) judged by the Executive to indicate the opinion of the organization, (c) how much CLE credit is granted (d) a link to the web page in which the grammatically edited doc. document appears. The author, appropriate State CLE Administrator and relevant scientific community, if any, will be emailed when the document is published.
(C) Any work exceeding 10 pg. is likely to be included in the quarterly journal as well as the monthly. Shorter essays, essays without reference to HA Statute and essays by scientists and other non lawyers may also be published and included in the monthly on a weekly basis of professional responsibility but are less likely to be recognized. Art. 9 Ratification, Reservations, Renunciation and Responsibilities(1) All essays will be registered HA- - - and given a dated case number: day, month, year that may be altered to reflect the most important date or be left. They may be amended periodically to reflect significant facts and developments.
(A) This Constitution is deposited with the DESA NGO Section
of Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) for the ratification of the States of
the United Nations (SUN) in confidence with the author under Art. 77 of the
(1) A State Party may fully accede to this treaty recognizing the HA non governmental organization by subscribing to the monthly and quarterly journal and paying the optional $24 annually pacta sunt servanda.
(2) A State Party or political institution may accede to this treaty with reservation as a member of a voting public that ratifies the Constitution and upholds the spirit of the law without paying, subscribing to the magazine or by writing a statement to this effect that should be published if clearly stated.
(3) A Party may renounce this treaty at any time after ratification by unsubscribing to the subscription, in writing, or through the commission or suspected commission of a grievous breech of the peace upon which the Party will be censured from the email list of the Executive, with or without notice, an exchange of letters is required to reinstate service in these circumstances.
(4) This treaty arbitrarily enters into force one month from the day that 24 State Parties ratify it.
(5) Any proposal to amend the multilateral treaty will involve notification of all the contracting States to grant the right to take part in the amendments to the people.
(6) If, after twelve months following the raising of an objection to or under this Constitution by a Party and follow up by the Executive is not considered satisfactory, the case may be brought by the Party, before the International Court of Justice, who will notify the Executive of the summons under Art. 40 of the Statute of the Court
(7) For nations, individuals, families, institutions and corporations to be members in good standing on the HA list of members they must be responsible for the both the payment of annual dues of not less than $24, and passively subscribe to the HA political periodical. Scholars who do not pay are only represented by web page and are not included in the list of Members unless they are specially recognized as contributing a significant portion of the regularly digested information.
Art. 10 Calendar of Statute
(A) Specialized Conferences regarding the annual amendments to every HA Chapter of this Statute are convened by email,
(1) Requests to be informed of a specific conference may be made at any time to the executive.
(2) Scholarly studies on the topics should be submitted approximately one month before the Conference for the best chance to be included into the Statute.
(B) The Conferences regarding the Amendment of Statute are as follows:
Chapter 1 Military Department revised on Veteran’s Day and Memorial Day
Chapter 2 Attorney General Education revised on the 4th of July
Chapter 3 Health and Welfare revised in the month of June
Chapter 4 State Mental Institution Library Education revised in the month of May
Chapter 5 International Development revised in the month of September for the World Summit
Chapter 6 Community Correction Conviction is revised in the month of January
Chapter 7 National Cemeteries revised upon demand
Chapter 8 Drug Administration Yield arbitrarily revised in the month of October
Chapter 9 Public Health Department revised on 7 April for the World Health Assembly
Chapter 10 Armed Forces Retirement Home un-amended
Chapter 11 $1 Meteors revised for the Summer Solstice Invitation to the Plenary Perseid Party of 11 August
(C) In the future, it is hoped to convene at least one annual Conference to provide scholars, professionals and officials a thoughtful venue for the presentation of their ideas to the mass media.
(1) The author may be invited to give a spoken presentation at any conference established for the occasion, at cost.
(2) Difficult treatise and annual amendments may be commissioned, for pay.
Art. 11 Hospitals & Asylums Day
The 11th of August is such a good day for a celebration that both the author, Anthony J., and his sister, Sharon M. Sanders were born on that day in 1974 and 1976 respectively. August 11 is conveniently at the height of the Perseid Meteor Shower and would be an ideal 24 hour celebration of HA Day. Everyone shall be reminded to celebrate the Plenary Party on the Summer Solstice to taking the time to read HA Statute all day and/or watch the shooting stars all night on 11 August, Hospitals & Asylums Day.
HA Website: www.title24uscode.org
1st Draft Done on Yom Kippur Thursday the 13th Day of October 2005 HA-13-10-05
2nd Draft Done on the 14th
Day of December 2005, sabotaged by the
3rd Draft Done on the 20th Day of December 2005
Sanders, Tony J. Constitution of Hospitals
& Asylums Non Governmental Executive (CHANGE). Christmas 2005 Draft.