Hospitals & Asylums
By Anthony J. Sanders
Social Security Amendment of 2016
Free Disability Insurance Reallocation Tax (DIRT) Act
To immediately amend the DI tax rate from 1.80% to 2.30%, from 0.90% to 1.15% for employees and from 0.90% to 1.15% for employers under Sec. 201(b)(1)(S) of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)II§401 and amend the OASI tax rate from 10.60% to 10.10%, from 5.30% to 5.05% for employees under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3101 (a) and from 5.30% to 5.05% for employers under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3111 (a) to avoid depletion of the Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund in 2016 without increasing the overall 12.4% OASDI or 15.3% OASDI and Hospital Insurance (HI) tax-rate under 26USC(A)(2)§1401 beginning October 1, 2015.
To amend the DI tax rate again in 2018 to 2.20% from 2.30%, from 1.15% to 1.10% for employees and from 1.15% to 1.10% for employers under Sec. 201(b)(1)(S) of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)II§401 and amend the OASI tax rate from 10.10% to 10.20%, from 5.05% to 5.10% for employees under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3101 (a) and from 5.05% to 5.10% for employers under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3111 (a) without increasing the overall 12.4% OASDI or 15.3% OASDI and Hospital Insurance (HI) tax-rate under 26USC(A)(2)§1401 to maximize efficiency until a deficit appears in the OASI Trust Fund in 2019.
Without Income Limit Law (WILL) Act
To abolish the maximum taxable limit on DI contributions on January 1, 2016 and OASI contributions January 1, 2017 and repeal Adjustment of the contribution and benefit base Section 230 of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)§430.
To require the Social Security Administration to pay for SSI Costs beginning January 1, 2017.
To share profits in excess of social security program costs to the general fund of the U.S Treasury on a sliding scale beginning year end 2016 DI 50/50 with the USPS, and OASI 10/90 to eliminate the federal budget deficit. In 2020 OASI would share at negotiated rates an estimated 25/75, by 2025 OASDI would share 50/50 and by 2030 OASDI would save to pay for the peak in costs of Baby Boomer generation in 2035 that might raise the overall OASDI tax rate from 12.4%.
Done under a pall of willow smoke from a wildfire in the Pacific Northwest that was extinguished or contained by a light summer rain. Cloud seeding and oceanic hydrocarbon cooling pump hurricane prevention are due process under the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change in citation of the 1982 Law of the Sea. I sprang a leek, attempting to straddle a garden row every time I wanted a sip of water, that became cripplingly congested by soil borne Steptobacillus agalactiae (gout) and Bordetella pertussis, that was treated with antibiotics before the 6 week lung infection set in, and I ran three miles today and hope to run 13 or 26 tomorrow or the day after. On the topic of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity there are some bizarre nicknames for medicinal plants that result in wrongful campaigns for their extermination, that subverts forestry literature as it pertains to life-sustaining harvesting of medicinal non-timber products, such as calling valuable European St. Johnswort, Klamath weed, and time-stakingly infesting the fields with metallic colored beetles in sacred public spaces although the herb is probably as bountiful and allergic to the psychiatric drug industry as chamomile tea, to this day. Newly my identification of the lymphatic cleanser Burdock has become confused with the star thistle weed whose extermination campaigns, whether botanically correct in their early stages or burdock infringing in old age when the roots are powdered to make a medicinal tea, happen to get out of hand every summer in the Pacific Northwest. I hope the Borage and Burdock continue to grow on the periphery of my $240 a year field, as long as they don’t zone it residential when I grow a shower garden, spring for a water heater and the prospective new goat herd has chewed a grape house out of the blackberries.
Social Security Matters has kindly intervened in the madness of businessmen with a functioning blog in the style of Oprah Winfrey and I have promised to entertain until my Social Security Act loses in October, before the bureaucrats get psyched up and ready to rob the disabled sometime in 2016 because the SSA Actuary had not solved the pain the OASDI tax rate calculation with my tutelage and his immunity must be questioned by the U.S. Supreme Court. The Actuary, Commissioner and Trustees (ACT) have not expressed any formal support for the Social Security Amendment of 2016. Nor has Congress, although the GPO v. Microsoft Office is certainly in full effect at the public library, that caused the temporary loss of Microsoft Office and possibly permanent or $60 recovery of an inconvenient external drive I was using to treat the dementia of a senile computer industry intent on selling corporate cloud storage that might be illegal as an exclusively corrupt advantage and exterminating the free download industry, and due to the disarray amongst adventurous local librarians under the influence of local prohibitionist prosecutors with national pharmaceutical anarchists in need of abolition under the Slaver Convention of 1926, Congress is presumed to have been served with the bill for the compensation of the obese and rich Megavideo loser – maybe $200 as an official promise of non-repetition. My name is not corroborated in the Act and whereas the name Hospitals & Asylums might provide more support to the morally challenged Social Security Matters blog I now use it. Without restore points being deletable from Windows 8 (used?) passing computer hackers cause permanent computer damage and intolerable security vulnerability that is costly for me and drives others completely from computers ownership. Microsoft Office should not be removed every time a person uses the strange new refresh function in a time of dramatically reduced computer life expectancy of maybe three months. People might lose their Microsoft Office license # card and be forced to buy a full price subscription to stay out of PRISM as a consequence of any passing computer virus. On the topic of giving out Medicare cards rather than Social Security cards there is no longer any reason for the DMV, USPS and State Department to have a birther movement opinion regarding the authenticity of my naturalization papers or new bureaucratic impossibility of procuring a birth certificate from Europe for the swift theft of their American counterparts, for all the aid and comfort a sane Agriculture Secretary might provide an upstanding refugee.
Book 3 Health and Welfare (HAW)
9th Ed. To amend Chapter 3 National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers: Free Disability Insurance Reallocation Tax (DIRT) Act: To immediately amend the DI tax rate from 1.80% to 2.30%, from 0.90% to 1.15% for employees and from 0.90% to 1.15% for employers under Sec. 201(b)(1)(S) of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)II§401 and amend the OASI tax rate from 10.60% to 10.10%, from 5.30% to 5.05% for employees under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3101 (a) and from 5.30% to 5.05% for employers under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3111 (a) to avoid depletion of the Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund in 2016 without increasing the overall 12.4% OASDI or 15.3% OASDI and Hospital Insurance (HI) tax-rate under 26USC(A)(2)§1401 beginning October 1, 2015. To amend the DI tax rate again in 2018 to 2.20% from 2.30%, from 1.15% to 1.10% for employees and from 1.15% to 1.10% for employers under Sec. 201(b)(1)(S) of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)II§401 and amend the OASI tax rate from 10.10% to 10.20%, from 5.05% to 5.10% for employees under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3101 (a) and from 5.05% to 5.10% for employers under 26USC(C)(21)(A)§3111 (a) without increasing the overall 12.4% OASDI or 15.3% OASDI and Hospital Insurance (HI) tax-rate under 26USC(A)(2)§1401 to maximize efficiency until a deficit appears in the OASI Trust Fund in 2019. Without Income Limit Law (WILL) Act: To abolish the maximum taxable limit on DI contributions on January 1, 2016 and OASI contributions January 1, 2017 and repeal Adjustment of the contribution and benefit base Section 230 of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)§430. To require the Social Security Administration to pay for SSI Costs beginning January 1, 2017. To share profits in excess of social security program costs to the general fund of the U.S Treasury on a sliding scale beginning year end 2016 DI 50/50 with the USPS, and OASI 10/90 to eliminate the federal budget deficit. In 2020 OASI would share at negotiated rates an estimated 25/75, by 2025 OASDI would share 50/50 and by 2030 OASDI would save to pay for the peak in costs of Baby Boomer generation in 2035 that might raise the overall OASDI tax rate from 12.4%. To limit Health and Human Services spending to less than $1 trillion. To require the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to hire an actuary to sustain Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) growth in an annual report to Congress. To require the Veteran’s Administration (VA) to hire an actuary to account for service member contributions and matching funds in an annual report to Congress. To replace welfare Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) with licensed social workers and non-social worker representatives. To provide Medicaid for free to everyone earning less than 150% of the poverty line and open Medicaid to reasonably priced premiums for everyone else. To prohibit medical billing to nationalize health insurance assets. To ratify ILO Conventions 132, 156 and 183. To levy a 1% UN FICA and corporate income tax for world-wide welfare in 2020…Quiz
May Day - April fool’s day is not a federal holiday - March is National Social Work Month HA-5-8-15
An Act: To select a more appropriate date than April fool’s day for the submission of the Actuaries’ Annual Reports of the OASDI and Medicare Trustees and amend Section 1161 of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)XI-B§1320c-10 and end this absurd discrimination against the extraordinarily challenging mental disability of the Actuary. Be the Democratic-Republican (DR) two party system Abolished, referred to the Actuary, Commissioner and Trustees (ACT). April fool’s day is not a federal holiday, nor should it be a prescribed federal working day for the Medicare and SSA Actuaries. May day is claimed by Armed forces month, and is both a distress call, as used in the title of this amendment, and a holiday, March is National Social Work month. March 1, 2016 sounds like a good deadline for the annual report of the current Chief Actuary or his more educable relief. Commissioner Carolyn W. Colvin took office on Valentine’s Day February 14, 2013 and was subsequently confirmed. Who better to officiate a more honorable deadline than Cupid herself? SSA cannot afford to be played for a fool anymore. The Chief Actuary must recuse the HHS Secretary to be faithful to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and civil rights. He most recently conspired to estimate the HHS Secretary and Child Support Enforcement officer of the day suggestion to steal disability insurance when a DI beneficiary collects unemployment and the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) reports a bill was introduced in Congress that amounts to attempted deprivation of relief benefits in violation of civil rights criminal statute 18USC§246 hereby thwarted to forgive the conflict of interest. The Actuary and Social Security Trustees must recuse the HHS Secretary as an accounting fraud whose indelible lies have driven her to actually attempt the lesser, albeit civil rights offense - deprivation of relief benefits - on at least two occasions. She probably believes this reinforces popular belief in her several falsehoods of greater than one, or even the two years in prison the Actuary is attempting to rob the DI beneficiaries of, not to mention drug counterfeiting coup of the FDA and her obsessive-compulsive “enforcement” abolished by the Slavery Convention of 1926 - HHS must not be confused with, stress, interfere with or infringe upon, the SSA Actuary’s professed immunity. OASI Table IV.A.1 in the 2014 annual report contains more than the two errors detected – (1) the high cost spending was in the low cost projection and (2) an interest rate (+/-3.4%) must be declared for projections to retain some, but not all, of their previous level of accuracy. There is no shortage of actuarial work saving the DI trust fund by filling in the zeroes and negative balances on the DI Table IV.A.2 and recalculating OASDI Table IV.A.3 to save the DI trust fund. Even with the most difficult part of the “pain in the OASDI” calculus work week taken care of by the academically unqualified and newly stateless “fraud” who balances the federal budget for the hostile fire pay of +/-$666 a month DI for more than 42 months (Revelation 13:10), the Actuary has at least a day of work recalculating OASDI Tables IV, before it would be wise to spend a week explaining the projection of the Free Disability Insurance Reallocation Tax (DIRT) Act (2.3% DI 10.1% OASI) and Without Income Limit law (WILL) (130% expansion) in such a way that would enlighten the editing of the 2015 annual report. Congress, with the consent of the Chief Actuary, must select a more appropriate date in 2016, preferably earlier in the year, March 1, for National Work Month, and amend Sec. 1161 of the Social Security Act 42USC(7)XI-B§1320c-10 from April 1 to the suggested date of March 1. The Free DIRT and WILL Acts inspire early action updating the 2015 Report with an actuarial legislative slip opinion projecting updated OASDI Tables IV in September 2015 for the new fiscal year beginning FY 2016 when FICA paystubs would begin publishing the new but equal tax-rates. Furthermore, the Chief Actuary must meet the earlier deadline for the Annual Report because he cannot afford to be the fool Congress plays us for anymore, nor indeed be mesmerized by his own hypnotism, and SSA’s work would be so much more rewarding with more money to pay more estimable classes of poor people with qualifying disabilities, like African-Americans under Title VI of the Civil rights act of 1964, spouses of gay beneficiaries, and early retiring menopausal female teachers, whereas of August 5, 2015 there are two new amendment amendments to slightly reordered Sections 85(D-2) and 145(B-1) of the 9th Ed. of Health and Welfare (HAW) still dated July 26. The Americans with Disabilities Act turns 25 this year, Medicare 50, Social Security 80 and Hospitals & Asylums 204. The day for the tyrannical Baby Boomers to correct Tables IV was US v. Thomas Fillebrown, Secretary of Commissioners of Navy Hospitals 32 US 28 7 Pet. 28 (1833) whose arrest by a jury, short term of detention, long spell of severe illness and extra-long trial to redress the deprivation of relief benefits, was cited by Justice Story in Minis v. US 40 U.S. 423 (1841). I assure you OMB Table 4.1 can settle for my 41st birthday August 11 whether or not the Perseid meteors put on much of a show with all the USDA smoke and prayers for rain this summer, the extraordinarily difficult OASDI tax calculus, that should be reviewed at least every two years, is right, and free fiscal year 2016 that begins October 1, 2015.
A. Lifeline Assistance is a program of the FCC that helps over 10 million Americans who cannot afford a phone and service, in order to help them keep in contact with employers, family, and medical and emergency services. The Lifeline program is funded by the Universal Service Fund fees that are required by law to be collected by telecommunications companies. A household is eligible for a free government cell phone if a member of the household participates in any of the following public assistance programs: Food Stamps (SNAP), Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), The National School Lunch Program (Free Lunch Program), Federal Public Housing Assistance (Section 8), Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). A household is also eligible if the total household income is at or below 135% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines for that state. Arizona, Florida, Kansas, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, Ohio, Rhode Island and Texas. California, Nevada and Vermont allow 150%. 1. The cell phone companies receive $9.95 for each subscriber (higher for Tribal) in order to provide the cell phone and service free to the subscriber. The program is free in nearly every state, but some states require very small monthly fees ($1 per month in Oklahoma, $1 from some companies in Alaska, and a $5 monthly fee was proposed but rejected in Georgia). Lifeline began under the Reagan administration to help low-income Americans afford their landline phone service, and was updated during the Bush administration to include mobile phones. Lifeline was nicknamed Obamaphone since the popularity of the program exploded under the Obama Administration. Obamaphones are available from companies in 49 states, plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. U.S. citizenship is not a requirement to receive an Obamaphone. Only one Lifeline phone per household is allowed, whether it be a discounted-service landline phone or a cell phone. There are over 50 companies offering Obamaphones. The largest company, Safelink Wireless, has 3.6 million customers, and is owned by Tracfone, a company owned by the richest man in the world, Mexico’s Carlos Slim. Most companies offer 250 to 350 minutes of talk and text a month. B. The FCC has also encouraged major internet providers to provide high-speed broadband to the very same people that qualify for the Obama Phone. Only $9.95 a month. There are several major, “competing” low-income internet service programs designed for financially-struggling Americans – Comcast’s Internet Essentials, CenturyLink’s Internet Basics, and Cox and Bright House Networks’ low income internet plans. Qualifying families will even be able to purchase a computer for only $149.99. 1. Discount computers for the poor should have Microsoft Office factory installed to rekindle literacy. Furthermore, outdated copies of Microsoft Office and Windows should be made available as free Internet downloads to the public. In 2014 Microsoft reports a profit of $27.8 billion, with revenues of $86.8 billion in revenues and expenses, a gross margin, of $59.9 billion. Although revenues increased 12% from 2013 to 2014 earnings per share increased 2%, although earnings per share increased by 29% in 2013 over 2012 when revenues increased by 6%. In 2014 Microsoft’s leading source of income was $24.3 billion from Microsoft Office followed by $16.9 billion from Windows operating systems. $9.95 a month is the free cell phone subsidy and cheap Internet rate, maybe $9.95 is the one-time price for the Microsoft Office software subsidy for the poor. The FCC should not hesitate to impose a $9.95 fee on Microsoft Office license sales to afford the new free or $9.95 Microsoft Office program for the poor, without raising prices, in fact, seriously considering selling this software for $9.95 because it is necessary for computer literacy to stay out of PRISM.
C. Free Internet downloads are another voluntary form of welfare from the entertainment industry, so popular that government subsidy, or elitist royalty lawyer approval, is not necessary, that requires special protection against unlawful search and seizure by jealous competitors and overzealous child pornography spam prosecutors known to be lethal in every case the Supreme Court was not strictly liable to the victims. In the USA, the World Copyright Treaty was enacted into law in 1998 as the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (the DMCA). Under the Notice and Takedown if someone thinks a file hosted on a server is infringing on their copyright, they tell the website manager (Notice) to remove it (Takedown). A few years later, the European Union created the EU Copyright Directive (EUCD), which each EU country then turned into law in its national body. What that means is that most of the world’s industrialized counties have some version of the WCT on the books. Every country that joins the World Trade Organization also has to sign something called the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPS Agreement) which in turn requires them to agree to the Berne Convention. 1. Starting in 2008, the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was negotiated in secrecy between ten countries and the EU. The EU negotiator refused to disclose treaty drafts to the European Parliament, and objections by its member countries ultimately led to the EU’s withdrawal from the treaty, at the end of 2012). In the U.S., 2011 saw the introduction of the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and its senate equivalent, the Protect-IP Act (PIPA). PIPA and SOPA sparked a global storm of Internet-driven protests, and resulted in millions of calls and emails to the U.S. Congress and Senate and ultimately the withdrawal of the legislation. But the ideas behind the proposals live on in treaties like the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which has been undergoing formal negotiations since 2010, and the Transatlantic Free Trade Agreement (TAFTA), which has been under negotiation since 2013. Both have been brokered outside the public eye. 2. Now that the White House Intellectual Property (WHIP) Enforcement Coordinator has been abolished under the Slavery Convention of 1926, and the United States has no choice but to drop their charges and pay compensation to Kim Dotcom of Magevideo.com, it is hoped that free Internet download industry will be liberated from hypocritical lawbreaking “enforcement of things” that consequently don’t make money such as: (1) complaining about piracy, (2) calling your customers thieves, and (3) treating your customers like thieves. When a creator tries to make money, she becomes an entrepreneur – a businessperson. Businesspeople are prone to all sorts of madness. Succeeding in business requires that you avoid this madness, this crazy bureaucracy. One particular strain of madness is the overwhelming, irrational concern that you might be letting someone benefit from your work for free – what an economist would call aversion to positive externalities” – worrying that someone else is getting some benefit from your investment of labor or capital. Fame won’t make you rich, but you can’t get paid without it. Being famous won’t, in itself, make you rich. But if nobody knows about your work, nobody’s going to buy it. Telecommunication has always been bigger than entertainment. U.S. telecommunications businesses – companies that let people talk to other people – brought in $750 billion in 2011. The U.S. entertainment sector, in 2012, brought in $480 billion. Enough for the entertainment industry to provide those patient enough, with the oft sabotaged technology, to stream and download all the best new and old music, movies, games and software for free.
A. A food bank or foodbank is a non-profit, charitable organization that distributes food to those who have difficulty purchasing enough food to avoid hunger. Religious use of a foodbank may be the most reliable way for a person on a tight budget to save. The world's first food bank was the St. Mary's Food Bank Alliance in Arizona, founded by John van Hengel in 1967. Hunger within the US was widely considered to be a solved problem until the mid-1960s. By the mid-sixties, several states had ended the free distribution of federal food surpluses, instead providing an early form of food stamps which had the benefit of allowing recipients to choose food of their liking, rather than having to accept whatever happened to be in surplus at the time. However, there was a minimum charge and some people could not afford the stamps, leading to severe hunger. One response from American society to the rediscovery of hunger was to step up the support provided by soup kitchens and similar civil society food relief agencies - some of these dated back to the Great Depression and earlier. 1. In 1965, while volunteering for a community dining room, van Hengel learned that grocery stores often had to throw away food that had damaged packaging or was near expiration. He started collecting that food for the dining room but soon had too much for that one program. He thought of creating a central location from which any agency can receive donations. Described as a classic case of "if you build it they will come", the first food bank was created with the help of St. Mary's Basilica. Food banks spread across the United States, and to Canada. By 1976, the precursor to Feeding America had been established. As of the early 21st century, their network of 200+ foodbanks provides support for 90,000 projects. Other large networks exist such as AmpleHarvest.org, created by CNN Hero Gary Oppenheimer which lists some 7,100 food pantries (1 out of every 5 in America) that can utilize overproduction of fresh produce. According to a comprehensive government survey completed in 2002, over 90% of food banks were established in the US after 1981. As early as the 1980s, food banks had also began to spread from the United States to the rest of the world. The first European food bank was founded in France during 1984. In the 1990s and early 2000s, food banks were established in South America, Africa and Asia, in several cases with van Hengel acting as a consultant. In 2007, The Global FoodBanking Network was formed.
B. With thousands of food banks operating on six of the seven continents, there are many different models. 1. A major distinction between food banks is whether or not they operate on the "front line" model, giving out food directly to the hungry, or whether they operate with the "warehouse" model, supplying food to intermediaries like food pantries, soup kitchens and other front-line organizations. 2. Food banks run by charities often place relatively more weight on the salvaging of food that would otherwise go to waste, and on encouraging voluntarism. For many US food banks, most of their donated food comes from food left over from the normal processes of for-profit companies. It can come from any part of the food chain, e.g. from growers who have produced too much or whose food is not sufficiently visually appealing; from manufacturers who overproduced; or from retailers who over-ordered. Often the product is approaching or past its "sell by" expiration date. In such cases, the food bank liaises with the food industry and with regulators to make sure the food is safe and legal to distribute and eat. As a rule of thumb, the only food that does not perish after its expiration date as a fresh product, is preserved by freezing. Other sources of food include the general public, sometimes in the form of "food drives", and government programs that buy and distribute excess farm products mostly to help support higher commodity prices. Food banks can also buy food either at market prices or from wholesalers and retailers at discounted prices, often at cost. Sometimes farmers will allow food banks to send gleaners to salvage leftover crops for free once their primary harvest is complete. A few food banks are supplied by their own community gardens and cooperating farmers. C. Following the financial crisis of 2007–08, and the lasting inflation in the price of food that began in late 2006, there has been a further increase in the number of individuals requesting help from American and Canadian food banks. By 2012, according to Food Banks Canada, over 850,000 Canadians needed help from a food bank each month. For the United States, Gleaners Indianna Food bank reported in 2012 that there were now 50 million Americans struggling with food insecurity (about 1 in 6 of the population), with the number of individuals seeking help from Food banks having increased by 46% since 2005. According to a 2012 UCLA Center for Health Policy Research study, there has been a 40% increase in demand for Californian food banks since 2008, with even married couples who both work sometimes requiring the aid of food banks. Second Harvest Food Bank in Orlando has said that even college educated professional couples have begun to turn to food pantries. Since the SNAP cuts of October 2013 even more people have become reliant upon the food bank system. D. Since the 1980s foodbanking has spread around the world. There are over 25 countries with active food bank groups under the umbrella of The Global FoodBanking Network. Countries in the international network include Australia, Israel, Turkey, Russia, India, Taiwan, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and the UK. There are also several countries with foodbanks but which have not yet joined the network, either as they don't yet meet the required criteria or as they have not applied. An alternative facility offering food to the hungry can be found worldwide wherever there are sizable Sikh communities. Long before foodbanks were invented, Langar has been making free vegetarian food available to Sikhs and non-Sikhs alike. The rise of food banks has been broadly welcomed. Not only do they provide a solution to the problem of hunger that doesn't require resources from the state, but they can be viewed as evidence of increasing community spirit and of active, caring citizenship.