Hospitals & Asylums
Snowden ex. rel. v. President Obama; National Security Administration (NSA) HA-6-1-14
By Anthony J. Sanders
Edward Snowden is an American computer specialist, a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor who disclosed classified NSA documents to several media outlets regarding such programs as PRISM, XKeyscore and Tempora, as well as the interception of US and European telephone metadata, for moral reasons despite salary in the neighborhood of $200,000 a year. The National Security Administration (NSA) was created July 15, 1949. The War Department was renamed Department of Defense (DoD) in the Secretary of Defense Transfer Order No. 40 of July 22, 1949 leaving the U.S. in need of a Military Department (MD). The Government has not proved that the acts of which their former employee was accused constitute common crimes and Russia, the world's second largest penal population after the U.S., has conceded to grant him asylum from prosecution. Principle 20 of the Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information, of November 1996 provides that any person accused of a security related crime regarding freedom of expression shall be entitled to all of the rule of law including the right not to be arbitrarily detained. Wherefore the United States must drop the espionage and theft of government property charges and return his diplomatic visa. The professional treatment of 'espionage' is honorable discharge!!!
6th Cir. ACLU v. NSA HA-6-7-07
International Court of Justice. Asylum Case (Columbia/Peru) Request for the Interpretation of the Judgment of November 20, 1950.
International Court of Justice. Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean (Bolivia/Chile) 2013
New York Times v. Sullivan 37 U.S. 254 (1964)
Leon J. Klayman v. Obama (Nos. 13-cv-851 & 13-cv-881)
Snowden v. Hughes, 321 U.S. 1 (1944)
Declaration on Territorial Asylum 2312 (XXII) of 14 December 1967
Alien and Sedition Acts; Alien Act of July 6, 1798; Sedition Act of July 14, 1798; Virginia Resolutions of December 28, 1798; Draft of the Kentucky Resolution of October 1798; Kentucky Resolution on the Alien and Sedition Acts passed December 3, 1799
Authorization for programs for domestic resettlement of and assistance to refugees 8USC(12)§1522
First Amendment Privacy Protection 42USC(21A)§2000aa
FISA Act 50USC(36)I§1809
Recovery of civil damages 18USC(119)§2520
Unlawful intrusion and violation of the rules and regulations 24USC(3)V§154
Epps, Garrett ed. The First Amendment Freedom of the Press. Its Constitutional History and the Contemporary Debate. Prometheus Books. New York. 2008
Haynes, Charles C.; Chaltain, Sam; Glisson, Susan M. First Freedoms: A Documentary History of First Amendment Rights in America. Oxford University Press. New York. 2006
Goodman, Melvin A. National Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism. Open Media Series. City Lights Books. San Francisco. 2013
Paine, Thomas. Common Sense. 1776
Posner, Richard A. The Little Book
m. Pantheon Books New York. 2007
Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies released 'Liberty and Security in a Changing World: Report and Recommendation' on 12 December 2013
Sanders, Tony J. Constitution of Hospitals & Asylums Non-Governmental Economy (CHANGE)
Sanders, Tony J. Empirical US Foreign Assistance Statistics at the Close of the American Imperial Century: An Act to Secure a Voluntary 1 percent ODA Tax on Income HA-31-9-10
Sanders, Tony J. Freedom of the Press HA-25-1-10
Sanders, Tony J. Lame Duck Speak HA-1-1-14
Sanders, Tony J. Pardon Rod Blagojevich HA-19-1-13
Sanders, Tony J. Wikileaks: Honorable Discharge of Bradley Manning HA-31-1-12
Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer specialist, a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor who disclosed classified NSA documents to several media outlets, initiating the NSA leaks, which reveal operational details of a global surveillance apparatus run by the NSA. Snowden's release of classified material was called the most significant leak in US history by Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg. A series of exposés beginning June 5, 2013 revealed Internet surveillance programs such as PRISM, XKeyscore and Tempora, as well as the interception of US and European telephone metadata. The reports were based on documents Snowden leaked to The Guardian and The Washington Post while employed by NSA contractor Booz Allen Hamilton. According to Snowden, his "sole motive" for leaking the documents was "to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them." The disclosures have fueled debates over mass surveillance, government secrecy, and the balance between national security and information privacy. Seven months after the NSA revelations began, Snowden declared his mission accomplished, citing the international debate sparked by his leaks. Snowden is considered a fugitive by American authorities who have charged him with espionage and theft of government property. He is currently living in Russia under temporary asylum. Crediting the Snowden leaks, a United Nations committee unanimously adopted an 'anti-spying resolution' to 'protect the right to privacy against unlawful surveillance' in the wake of reports that 35 foreign leaders were subjects of US eavesdropping. The European Parliament invited Snowden to make a pre-recorded video appearance to aid their NSA investigation. He is expected to answer questions submitted by Parliament members in January 2014. Snowden said in December 2013 that he was 'inspired by the global debate' ignited by the leaks, and stated that NSA's 'culture of indiscriminate global espionage "is collapsing". This is true, however in the strict construct of federal and international law neither Europe, the United States, Snowden, Assange, or Manning have finished their sentence on espionage - honorable discharge and compensation. It is evident that the diplomatic representative who has to determine whether a refugee is to be granted asylum or not must have the competence to make such a provisional qualification of any offence alleged to have been committed by the refugee. In case of disagreement between the two States, a dispute would arise which might be settled by the methods provided by the Parties for the settlement of their disputes". The Court considers that "the Government…has not proved that the acts of which the refugee was accused…constitute common crimes" and "the grant of asylum is not an instantaneous açt which terminates with the admission, at a given moment, of a refugee to an embassy or a legation", but that asylum "is granted as long as the continued presence of the refugee in the embassy prolongs this protection" in the Request for the Interpretation of the Asylum Case Judgment of November 20, 1950. So as not to continue to frighten away free people afraid of the plagiarism of the black slave owner in the White House the N.S.A. and United States must drop these espionage and theft of government property charges and return to Edward Snowden his diplomatic visa pursuant to Snowden v. Hughes, 321 U.S. 1 (1944).
The First Amendment to the US Constitution is one of the world’s finest instruments of democratic principle, it states, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances". The Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information, of November 1996 provides at Principle 1:3 the restriction imposed by the least restrictive means. Under Principle 6 expression may be punished as a threat to national security only if it incites violence. Most importantly in this case Principle 20 provides that any person accused of a security related crime regarding freedom of expression shall be entitled to all of the rule of law including the right not to be arbitrarily detained. Federal whistleblower protection has failed to protect Snowden from arbitrary arrest for "espionage". It could be said that Nelson Mandela died for this sin of his slave owning protégé Barack Obama. I watched a movie about Nelson Mandela's life, 'Long Walk to Freedom', in it he, born and raised to be king, became South Africa's first black lawyer. He was then corrupted by a 'Treason Trial' which acquitted him and over a hundred of his compatriots after several years in prison. Thereafter he was entrapt for being 'king' rather than 'undercover lawyer' of an armed band of black militants with arsenals believed to be competitive with the average white household. Winnie had an even closer encounter with a murder conviction and it could be said that Nelson had spare time to serve her's. After his divorce, he was elected first black South African President, left office and died at the advanced age of 95 peacefully. Leaving South Africa with an HIV/AIDS epidemic that threatens both males and females with the same 50 year life expectancy plaguing the livers of alcoholic Russian males or hearts of Obamacare aged patients since Human Rights day 2013. The Manning, Assange and Snowden acquittals or pardons are high time for the United States and Russia pay compensation for the damages their armed forces have caused the civilian population in Afghanistan estimated at $4 billion and $10-20 billion respectively, if Russian males are ever to sober up and help the U.S. Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen (PAY) as directed in item 7 of Lame Duck Speak HA-1-1-14 towards the tables of Empirical US Foreign Assistance Statistics at the Close of the American Imperial Century: An Act to Secure a Voluntary 1 percent ODA Tax on Income HA-31-9-10.
The roots of this militarization of U.S. foreign policy lie in the year 1947, with the beginning of the Cold War. Passage of the National Security Act of 1947 made the U.S .armed forces an inherent part of the national security policy in peacetime. Previously, the Pentagon had rarely asserted itself in the policy process, even in wartime. The National Security Administration (NSA) was created July 15, 1949. Section 2(A)(4) of HA Book 1 Military Diplomacy (MD) notes that the War Department was renamed Department of Defense (DoD) due to the corruption of the Secretary of Defense Transfer Order No. 40 of July 22, 1949. Military influence grew over the next four decades, leading to the Defense Re-organization Act of 1986, commonly referred to as the Goldwater-Nichols Act, which made the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff the "principal military adviser to the President, the National Security Council and Secretary of Defense" (Goodman '13: 11, 12). The 2007 dismissal of ACLU v. NSA HA-6-7-07 by the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals called for plaintiffs to provide claims for which relief could be granted whereas the FISA Act provides for a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for not more than five years, or both under 50USC(36)I§1809. Domestically, the first offense is entitled to appropriate injunctive relief; and a second or subsequent offense shall be subject to a mandatory $500 civil fine for the recovery of civil damages under 18USC(119)§2520. Hospitals and Asylums Battle Mountain Sanitarium Reserve statute likewise provides for a $1,000 fine and up to 12 months in jail for unlawful intrusion and violation of the rules and regulations under 24USC(3)V§154. Lame Duck Speak HA-1-1-14 In response to recent wiretapping complaints of foreign leaders the Obama Administration Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies released 'Liberty and Security in a Changing World: Report and Recommendation' on 12 December 2013. Or should I say "plagiarized" both Edward Snowden and Larry Klayman, founder, chairman and general counsel of Freedom Watch and also a former U.S. Justice Department prosecutor, who petitioned the Honorable Richard J. Leon of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia and was granted his motion for preliminary injunction against the federal government and the National Security Agency ("NSA"), enjoining the NSA from collecting telephone and other metadata, finding that the program violates the U.S. Constitution in Klayman v. Obama (Nos. 13-cv-851 & 13-cv-881). Judge Pauley’s ruling shortly thereafter denied the ACLU's motion for a preliminary injunction and granted the government’s motion to dismiss the challenge to the constitutionality of the NSA’s mass call-tracking program, finding that the government’s bulk collection of phone records is lawful under Section 215 of the Patriot Act and under the Fourth Amendment San Francisco Conference April 25, 1945 to June 26, 1945 and enacted October 24, 1945 that created the Generals of the United Nations (GUN) in the stead of a popularly elected Secretary of the United Nations (SUN); Secretary of Defense Transfer Order No. 40 of July 22, 1949 that needs to be renamed Military Department (MD)
Snowden and Manning are American heroes. Everyone knows this. But few people dare to challenge Big Brother to throw out these recent Espionage charges presumably, because like my records on this issue of Asylum have been incessantly tampered. 'Liberty and Security in a Changing World' recommends that the NSA be transformed into a civilian agency. It may be necessary for this to occur before the NSA writes the Department of Justice to ask that the United States drop charges against Edward Snowden in particular and Bradley Manning in general to express their understanding that espionage as used by the USA in both Snowden and Manning cases violated Principle 20 of the Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information, of November 1996 providing that any person accused of a security related crime regarding freedom of expression shall be entitled to all of the rule of law including the right not to be arbitrarily detained. This seems like an educated time to redress the impairment of the black slave owner in the White House's judgment (1) acquitting the 14 year sentence of his former master, Rod Blagojevich, for a crime which he did not commit and (2) abolishing the Office of the Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator that infringes on the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as forced labor under the Slavery Convention to eliminate the insider threat. Intellectual property enforcement is similarly rife with arbitrary detention regarding trade secrets that might be termed corporate espionage regarding secret information that they had access to in the course of their employment. European justice is far colder if record low temperatures of December 2013 are to include "cooling" in the list of global warming that can be caused by styrene - earthquake fracker, intensifier of hurricanes and tornadoes and continent cooler. Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean (Bolivia/Chile) ICJ 2013. My personal experiment in mole removal with over-the-counter propane based liquid nitrogen substitute is not yet over but doesn't seem likely to succeed; when I run out I'll try trichloracetic acid. What I am getting is that under Principle 20 Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information, of November 1996 the Proper treatment of Espionage is honorable discharge, and neither Europe nor myself got it right the first time with Wikileaks: Honorable Discharge of Bradley Manning HA-31-1-12. I therefore reiterate; the proper treatment of Espionage is honorable discharge.
A series of laws known collectively as the Alien and Sedition acts were passed by the Federalist Congress in 1798 and signed into law by President Adams. The Alien Act of July 6, 1798 included new powers to deport foreigners as well as making it harder for new immigrants to vote. Previously a new immigrant would have to reside in the United States for five years before becoming eligible to vote, but a new law raised this to 14 years. In 1797 a treaty with the British had angered Napoleon. President John Adams sent a delegation but French emissaries, named XYZ, demanded both a bribe and a loan. Adams decided to publish the correspondence and the public was outraged. The Federalists then defeated their Democratic Republican opponents at every turn and intent on using the XYZ affair to silence the opposition once and for all the Federalists decided to crack down on immigrant voting rights and in the crisis of 1798, the Federalist Party used its dominance to pass the Sedition Act in the spring of 1800, with Election Day in sight, Secretary of State Pickering had already either prosecuted or singled out many of the President’s chief detractors for sedition charges (Haynes et al. 06:52; Epps 08:76; Madison 1799). SEC. 2 of the Sedition Act of July 14, 1798 stated, "That if any person shall write, print, utter or publish, or shall cause or procure to be written, printed, uttered or published, or shall knowingly and willingly assist or aid in writing, printing, uttering or publishing any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United States, or either house of the Congress of the United States, or the President of the United States, with intent to defame the said government, or either house of the said Congress, or the said President, or to bring them, or either of them, into contempt or disrepute; or to excite against them, or either or any of them, the hatred of the good people of the United States, or to stir up sedition within the United States, or to excite any unlawful combinations therein, for opposing or resisting any law of the United States, or any act of the President of the United States, done in pursuance of any such law, or of the powers in him vested by the constitution of the United States, or to resist, oppose, or defeat any such law or act, or to aid, encourage or abet any hostile designs of any foreign nation against United States, their people or government, then such person, being thereof convicted before any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment not exceeding two years".
In response, prominent Republicans, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, decided to try and arouse opposition to the new laws in the state legislatures. Acting in secret, Jefferson drafted a resolution that the Kentucky legislature approved in November 1798. The Sedition Act, he wrote, was a violation of the government’s pledge not to infringe on state’s rights, “Whensoever the general government assumes undelegated powers, its acts are unauthoritive and does abridge the freedom of the press, is not law, is altogether void, and of no force.” The Virginia Senate agreed to the language of Madison’s resolution, which accused the new laws of exercising a, “power not delegated by the constitution, but on the contrary, expressly and positively forbidden by one of the amendments thereto; a power, which more than any other, ought to produce universal alarm, because it is leveled against that right of freely examining public characters and measures, and of free communication among the people thereon, which has ever been justly deemed, the only effectual guardian of every other right.” Despite their efforts, Jefferson’s and Madison’s state resolutions in Kentucky and Virginia were not adopted elsewhere (Haynes et al 06:52). In the famous Virginia Resolutions of December 28, 1798, the General Assembly of Virginia resolved that it "doth particularly protest against the palpable and alarming infractions of the Constitution, in the two late cases of the "Alien and Sedition Acts" passed at the last session of Congress; the first of which exercises a power nowhere delegated to the federal government, and which by uniting legislative and judicial powers to those of executive, subverts the general principles of free government". Also archived by Avalon are a Draft of the Kentucky Resolution of October 1798 and Kentucky Resolution on the Alien and Sedition Acts passed December 3, 1799. One of Pickering’s targets was an English born newspaperman named Thomas Cooper, the editor of a Republican-leaning Pennsylvania newspaper. In a June 1799 Address to the Readers of the Sunbury and Northumberland Gazzette, Cooper criticized the Sedition Act by suggesting Americans resist “in the only justifiable way of opposition under a free government, by discussion in the first instance, and a change of persons by constitutional election if no other method will succeed”. President James Adams was livid. Certain that such talk was a libel against the whole government, he ordered that Cooper be arrested in April 1800. As a final election-year flourish, Pickering decided to have him tried in the nation’s capital during the Presidential campaign. The case received national attention, and Cooper, defending himself, capitalized on the opportunity, attacking both the law and the Adams administration. In the end, his defense became more than a defense before the jury; it was also an appeal to the American people about whom they should choose to be their next President. Although Cooper was ultimately found guilty as charged and sentenced to serve six months in prison, the damage to the Federalists credibility had been done. Gradually, more and more public officials realized it was political suicide to express enthusiasm for the law. In May 1800, Pickering was dismissed from the cabinet and later that year, Thomas Jefferson was elected the third President of the United States. One of Jefferson’s first acts in office was to pardon all persons who had been convicted of sedition and Congress allowed the law to expire in 1801 (Haynes et al 06:53). Fines levied in its prosecution were repaid by Act of Congress on the ground that it was unconstitutional.
In determining the extent of the constitutional protection of the liberty of the press, it has been generally, if not universally, considered that it is the chief purpose of the guaranty to prevent prior restraints upon publication. In the pre-eminent freedom of the press case, New York Times v. Sullivan 37 U.S. 254 (1964), Dr. King’s Court held that some kinds of speech and writings, such as "obscenity”, and "fighting words," are not expression within the protection of the First Amendment, freedom to discuss public affairs and public officials is, unquestionably, the kind of speech the First Amendment was primarily designed to keep within the area of free discussion. A representative democracy ceases to exist the moment that the public functionaries are by any means absolved from their responsibility to their constituents; and this happens whenever the constituent can be restrained in any manner from speaking, writing, or publishing their opinions upon any public measure, or upon the conduct of those who may advise or execute it. An unconditional right to say what one pleases about public affairs is the minimum guarantee of the First Amendment. The classical formulation of the principle underlying the First Amendment is that: "Those who won our independence believed that public discussion is a political duty; and that this should be a fundamental principle of the American government. They recognized the risks to which all human institutions are subject. But they knew that order cannot be secured merely through fear of punishment for its infraction; that it is hazardous to discourage thought, hope and imagination; that fear breeds repression; that repression breeds hate; that hate menaces stable government; that the path of safety lies in the opportunity to discuss freely supposed grievances and proposed remedies; and that the fitting remedy for evil counsels is good ones. Believing in the power of reason as applied through public discussion, they eschewed silence coerced by law - the argument of force in its worst form. Recognizing the occasional tyrannies of governing majorities, they amended the Constitution so that free speech (free press) and assembly should be guaranteed”. Plagiarism is a species of intellectual fraud. It consists of unauthorized copying that the copier claims (whether explicitly or implicitly and whether deliberately or carelessly) is original with him and the claim causes the copier’s audience to behave otherwise than it would if it knew the truth. The Latin word plagarias was first used in its modern sense by Roman poet Martial in the first century AD. A plagarius was someone who stole another’s slave or enslaved a free person. Student plagiarism may be becoming less and less common as more and more colleges and universities adopt plagiarism detection software, such as Turnitin, a product of a company called iParadigms. Thousands of colleges in the United States and abroad have acquired licenses, at an annual cost of about 80 cents per student, to use the program. The program digitizes the student’s paper, uploads it into the Turnitin database, and searches the Database for matches. Scholars are self-selected into an activity that requires them to write, they are not indifferent students with writer’s block. (Posner 07:82, 90). College level professional non-fiction writing requires the author to cite sources in pursuit of being cited by others to advance scientific understanding. The problem is however not so much that people copy their work, there are very few skilled note-takers and professional writers and even hasty misquotes can be acceptable, if they are well meant. The problem is that the publication of meaningful work is plagued by malicious academics, agents, politicians and prosecutors. To solve Martial's law it is not plagiarism to free a slave but it is plagiarism to enslave a free person or steal their property under First Amendment Privacy Protection 42USC(21A)§2000aa.
The President's Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies 'Liberty and Security in a Changing World: Report and Recommendation' of 12 December 2013 Recommendations naming the N.S.A. include: Recommendation 20 on pg. 33 'We recommend that the US Government should examine the feasibility of creating software that would allow the National Security Agency and other intelligence agencies more easily to conduct targeted information acquisition rather than bulk-data collection. Recommendation 22 on pg. 34 'We recommend that: (1) the Director of the National Security Agency should be a Senate-confirmed position; (2) civilians should be eligible to hold that position; and (3) the President should give serious consideration to making the next Director of the National Security Agency a civilian'. Recommendation 23 on pg. 34 'We recommend that the National Security Agency should be clearly designated as a foreign intelligence organization; missions other than foreign intelligence collection should generally be reassigned elsewhere. Recommendation 24 on pg. 34 'We recommend that the head of the military unit, US Cyber Command, and the Director of the National Security Agency should not be a single official'. Recommendation 25 on pg. 34 'We recommend that the Information Assurance Directorate—a large component of the National Security Agency that is not engaged in activities related to foreign intelligence—should become a separate agency within the Department of Defense, reporting to the cyber policy element within the Office of the Secretary of Defense'. The N.S.A. reforms are however not fair until the United States drops espionage and theft of public property charges against their whistleblower, whether the N.S.A. is military or civilian. The responsibility for fairness in the face of poor European demands for U.S. torture statute to comply with Arts. 2, 4 and 14 of the Convention against Torture fall squarely on the shoulders of President Barack Obama, black slave owner of his former master for a 14 year sentence for a crime he did not commit, Pardon Rod Blagojevich HA-19-1-13 !!! Honorable Discharge of Bradley Manning HA-31-1-12. The proper treatment of 'Espionage' is honorable discharge.
A Congressional Holiday against Torture with Pay
To correct federal torture statute so as to comply with Arts. 2, 4 and 14 of the Convention against Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment of 1984.
To Amend Title 22 Foreign Relations and Intercourse (a-FRAI-d) to Title 22 Foreign Relations (FR-EE).
To abolish the Court of International Trade of the United States (COITUS) and create Customs Court (CC).
To abolish U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) and create a U.S. Customs and Naturalization Service (USNS).
To abolish the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and create U.S. Customs.
Be the federal police finance and Office Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) abolished and employees transferred to the Department of Commerce, Department of Justice and a new Drug Evaluation Agency (DEA) and Center for Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana (ATM) in the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under 5USCIIIB(35)I§3503.
When Congress has agreed to correct these errors they are welcome to return to work for President Barack Obama this FY2014 re-dedicated to the repeal of the Jim Crow laws codified in Sections 2-5 of Amendment XIV of 1868 protecting tribal tax exemptions under Section 1.