Hospitals & Asylums
By Anthony J. Sanders
MDG Goal 7 is, “to integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs to reverse loss of environmental resources”. Biodiversity loss has been slowed somewhat, and between 1990 and 2005 the percent of forested land has declined 1% from 31.3% to 30.3% while the protected terrestrial and marine habitats have risen to 12.1%. Only twelve percent of the earth is still covered by intact forest ecosystems. From 1990 to 2000, more than half a million square miles of forest were deforested globally - an average of 53,000 square miles a year. For the past two decades the United States has shown a 0.2% annual net forest growth. Canada, doesn’t report the -0.02% rate of deforestation due to agricultural and urban rezoning, not including clearcuts expected to naturally regenerate, to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Mexico at -1.1% has the fifth fastest rate of deforestation. Western Europe is the only continent that shows a net rate of forestation, 0.1%, due to the non-reporting of Russian clearcutting of non-regenerating taiga. Tropical rainforests also fail to regenerate after clearcutting. Africa shows the highest rate of deforestation, -0.8%, Central and South America -0.4%, Oceania -0.2%, and Asia -0.1%. There are few forest types that regenerate naturally after clearcutting. The best solution is to replant in native tree species with the intention of including urban communities, with a fair share of exotic shade and fruit trees, in the local forest, and to require sound forest management plans that limit logging to the logging road, mountain trails and wilderness campsites at planned development sites, under the shelter of the forest canopy, particularly on public land. Clearcutting, pre-commercial thinning and the felling of trees with a diameter at breast height (dbh) greater than 24 inches should be prohibited on public land and to protect prime timberland zoning. The primary driver of deforestation worldwide is dependence on fuelwood for heating and cooking in urban communities. As of 2015 the United States of American is expected to be the world’s leading exporter of petroleum. Due to the existing unrecognized generosity of the Saudi oil sheikdoms there is no method of increasing United Nations (UN) statistical accounts of official development assistance (ODA) for 2015 greater than by promising everyone equal prices for fossil fuels in order to provide a break to consumers in least developed nations who have been paying many times more, although they earn many times less, to reverse deforestation caused by urban firewood and charcoal consumption. This equal price fossil fuel cooking program should be partnered with the agreed upon carbon emission credits for multinational and charcoal companies alike, with an eye for cost-effective solar power. Polluters, including deforesters, need nurseries to breed native tree species for replanting; and the fossil fuel not to cut them all down. Forest growth, for watershed, air and soil protection of wildlife and human habitat, is a stately priority for everyone this Millennium.
Book 1 Military Diplomacy (MD)
To transfer Chapter One Navy Hospitals, Naval Home, Army and other Naval Hospital, and Hospital Relief for Seamen and Others §1-40 to Chapter 10 Armed Forces Retirement Home §400-435 and write a new Book. This Chapter shall change the name of the Department of Defense (DoD) to the Military Department (MD). The US Military employs an estimated 2.8 million US citizens including 600,000 civilian employees. Since its foundation the US military has suffered nearly 1.3 million casualties in 13 wars. There are reported to be 26.4 million US veterans. The U.S. is on track to reduce their arsenal from 10,000 warheads, to no more than 1,700 to 2,200 nuclear warheads by 2012. Eliminating various Cold War weapons systems can save $50 billion from maintenance, redeployment from Iraq and Afghanistan can save another $50 billion. Surplus military bases and assets shall be sold and surplus funds returned to the Treasury. Military spending must be limited to $500 billion annually. Military commanders must prohibit the use of force, environmental modification and biological experimentation. Compensation must be paid by the State for casualty, injury and property damage to civilians caused by military actions. For lower cost humanitarian missions the US shall veto Chapter VII of the UN Charter and promote humanitarian missions that pay payroll and corporate taxes, less social insurance and deductibles, to the general treasury of any occupied developing nation. Democratic peace theory holds that liberal democracies tend to be more peaceful than authoritarian or totalitarian states and have never made war one other liberal democracies. Civilians are customarily compensated for injury, casualty and damage caused by state military action; Quiz…56