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June 2005 SUMMARY of CHAPTER THREE

A. The aim of this Chapter of HA is to repair of Hospitals & Asylums (HA) Title 24 USC Chapter 3 National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers that has been vacated as the result of numerous repeals from 71-150 and is preserved only in, Subchapter V Battle Mountain Sanitarium Reserve, 151-154 that shall not be infringed upon by this act as in its fine for unlawful intrusion it establishes the monthly poverty line of $1,000 that is likely to guide welfare estimates for some time to come. HA shall amend this Chapter yearly, in the month of June in all years after 2004, when the first draft of Health and Welfare (HaW) was released on September 15, 2004. The month of June has been chosen because it is after the annual Social Security Trustee reports are released and brings to mind thoughts of ownership of the right to social insurance. The purpose of HA is to uphold the national poverty line for the Social Security programs as set forth for the US on August 30, 2004 by Jo Anne B. Barnhardt Social Security Commissioner and Mark B. McClellan CMS Administrator so that no one in the world must live in poverty. The important principle that this Chapter hopes to convey to SSA and CMS administrators is that the disability requirements may be waived if the benefit right [to a poverty line income] would be impaired under 42USC(7)II420. The letter; (1) Secured Medicare costs up to $800 a year for all otherwise uninsured US citizens. (2) Established the US poverty line for people with resources of less than $4,000. (3) Granted eligibility for Medicare Part A and Part B if they have an annual income of less $12,569 if single or $16,862 if married or monthly income of less than $1,068 as an individual or $1,426 married. (4) Ensured Americans for up to $600 a year for Drug Discount Card.

B. The 1601 Poor Law Act was the first systematic codification of English ideas about the responsibility of the state to provide for the welfare of its citizens The first national pension program for soldiers was actually passed in early 1776. Revolutionary War figure Thomas Paine set forth one of the first proposals for a general retirement pension in Agrarian Justice published in the winter of 1795. After the Civil War in 1893 the US spent $165 million spent on military pensions and was the largest single expenditure ever made by the federal government. In 1894 military pensions accounted for 37% of the entire federal budget. Although some paternalistic employers had always provided token work or retirement stipends for the elderly one of the first formal company pension plans for industrial workers was introduced in 1882 by the Alfred Dolge Company, a builder of pianos and organs. Dolge withheld 1% of each workers pay and placed it into a pension fund, to which the company added 6% interest each year. In 1928 the International Social Security Association (ISSA) was founded to unite world social security institutions. The objective of ISSA is to cooperate, at the international level, in the promotion and development of social security throughout the world, in order to advance the social and economic conditions of the population on the basis of social justice. The US did not develop a comprehensive national social security program to address the large number of unemployed until the Social Security Act of 1935 [H. R. 7260], originally called the Economic Security Act (ESA), was signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt on 14 August 1935. As America slipped into economic depression following the Crash of 1929, unemployment exceeded 25% and about 10,000 banks failed. The Gross National Product declined from $105 billion in 1929 to only $55 billion in 1932. In the US in 1934 over half of the elderly in America lacked sufficient income to be self-supporting. The first social security identification cards were issued in 1936. Taxes were collected for the first time in January 1937 and the first one-time, lump-sum payments were made that same month. Regular ongoing monthly benefits started in January 1940. Monthly disability insurance benefits were first established by the Social Security Amendments of 1956 [H.R. 7225]. The Social Security Act of 1965 [H.R. 6675] established both Medicare and Medicaid with the signature of President Johnson on 30 July 1965. From 1937 through 2003 the Social Security program has received more than $9.3 trillion in income. From 1937 through 2003 the Social Security program has expended more than $7.9 trillion. The statute promulgated in Chapter 7 of Title 42 of the US Code has subsequently undergone 17 amendments; SSA also codifies their own copy of Social Security Statute.

C. Art. 9 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2200A(XXI)(1966) recognizes a right of everyone to social security, including social insurance Each State Party undertakes to take steps, individually and through international assistance and co-operation, especially economic and technical, to the maximum of its available resources, with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of the rights. The right to social security is set forth in Art. 11 of the Declaration on Social Progress and Development 2542 (XXIV) 1969 calls for the provision of comprehensive social security schemes and social welfare services; the establishment and improvement of social security and insurance schemes for all persons who, because of illness, disability or old age, are temporarily or permanently unable to earn a living, with a view to ensuring a proper standard of living for such persons and for their families and dependants; by (a) assuring the right to work and the right of everyone to form trade union and bargain collectively, (b) eliminating hunger and malnutrition, (c) eliminating poverty, (d) upholding the highest standards of health, (e) providing housing for low income people. Art. 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 217 A (III) (1948) clarifies, Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Text: www.title24uscode.org/haw2005.doc

Citation: Hospitals & Asylums. Title 24US Code. Chapter Three: Health and Welfare. 1st Draft 15 September 2004, 2nd Draft 1 June 2005. www.title24uscode.org/sumhaw.htm