Hospitals & Asylums    





Islamic Fundamentals HA-2-3-06

A. The Hammurapi Code (2500BC) from Mesopotamia, in what is now Iraq, is the oldest known codification of law, King Hammurapi, the exalted prince, who feared God wrote, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers; so that the strong should not harm the weak; I did right and righteousness in, and brought about the well-being of the oppressed. Righteous law, and pious statute did I teach the land.  I was not negligent, but I made them a peaceful abiding-place.  In my shelter I have let them repose in peace; in my deep wisdom have I enclosed them.  In order to protect the widows and orphans, in order to bespeak justice in the land, to settle all disputes, and heal all injuries, set up these my precious words, written upon my memorial stone, before the image of me, as king of righteousness.  Let my name be ever repeated; let the oppressed, who has a case at law, come and stand before this my image as king of righteousness; let him read the inscription, and understand my precious words: the inscription will explain his case to him; he will find out what is just, and his heart will be glad, so that he will say: "Hammurapi is a ruler, who is as a father to his subjects”.  In future time, through all coming generations, let the king, who may be in the land, observe the words of righteousness which I have written on my monument; let him rule his subjects accordingly, speak justice to them, give right decisions, root out the miscreants and criminals from this land, and grant prosperity to his subjects.

B.  Islamic law, Shari’a, is the most governmental of all contemporary religious faiths.  There is however great latitude for interpretation of the Qur’an and to ensure that the rule of law is founded in human rights rather than human sacrifice the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (1990) was drafted as a Muslim 10 Commandments to supplement interpretations of Basic Human Rights in Islam whereby All human beings form one family whose members are united by submission to God and descent from Adam.  All men are equal in terms of basic human dignity and basic obligations and responsibilities, without any discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, language, sex, religious belief, political affiliation, social status or other considerations.  The division of human beings into nations, races, groups and tribes is for the sake of distinction, so that people of one race or tribe may meet and be acquainted with people belonging to another race or tribe and co-operate with one another thereby establishing the principle of equality of the entire human race. True faith is the guarantee for enhancing such dignity along the path to human perfection. 

C. Equality is exemplified by the Prophet in one of his sayings: "No Arab has any superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have any superiority over a black man, or the black man any superiority over the white man, the white man any superiority over the black man or any non-Arab superiority over an Arab. We are all the children of Adam, and Adam was created from clay." The Prophet (blessings of Allah and peace be upon him) alone liberated as many as 63 slaves. The number of slaves freed by ‘ice was 67; Abbes liberated 70; Bad Allah bin Omar liberated one thousand; Bad al-Rohm purchased freedom for thirty thousand, and Saddam Hussein is rumored to have liberated as many as 100,000 the government could no longer provide food.  The problem of the slaves of Arabia has thus been solved for 1400 years. Today, prisoners of war are exchanged on the cessation of hostilities.  Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah…Allah has promised those among them who believe and do good, forgiveness and a great reward (Victory 48:29)

D. Of mankind, we have created you from a male and female. In other words, all human beings are brothers and sisters. We are all the descendants from one father and one mother. We set you up as nations and tribes so that you may be able to recognize each other (Chambers: 49:13).  If two parties of the believers quarrel, make peace between them; but if one of them acts wrongfully towards the other, fight that which acts wrongfully until it returns to Allah's command; then if it returns, make peace between them with justice and act equitably; surely Allah loves those who act equitably (49.9). Co-operate with one another for virtue and heedfulness and not co-operate with one another for the purpose of vice and aggression (5:2). O you who believe! Be upright for Allah, bearers of witness with justice, and let not hatred of a people incite you not to act equitably; act equitably, that is nearer to piety (5:8) The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His apostle and strive to make mischief in the land is only this, that they should be (removed from power)…imprisoned; this shall be as a disgrace for them in this world, and in the hereafter they shall have a grievous chastisement (5.33)  Except those who repent before you have them in your power; so know that Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Dinner Table 5:34) And, O my people! give full measure and weight fairly, and defraud not men their things, and do not act corruptly in the land, making mischief (11:85) And your Lord will most surely pay back to all their deeds in full (11.111). Those who are patient and do good, they shall have forgiveness and a great reward (11.11).And say to those who do not believe: Act according to your state; surely we too are acting. (Holy Prophet 11:121)

E. Life is a God-given gift and the right to life is guaranteed to every human being.  It is the duty of individuals, societies and states to protect this right from any violation, and it is prohibited to take away life and it is forbidden to resort to such means as may result in the genocidal annihilation of mankind. “Do not kill a soul which Allah has made sacred." (6:151). They are lost indeed who kill their children foolishly without knowledge… forging a lie against Allah; they have indeed gone astray, and they are not the followers of the right course (6:140). Your people call it a lie and it is the very truth. Say: I am not placed in charge of you (Cattle 6:66)  Whosoever kills a human being is thought he had killed all mankind.  Whoever saves a life is though to have saved the lives of all mankind. (Dinner Table 5:32).  

F. Bring forth your people from utter darkness into light and remind them of the days of Allah; most surely there are signs in this for every patient, grateful one (14:5). This is a sufficient exposition for the people and that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is One God and that those possessed of understanding may mind (Abraham 14:52).  Has there come to you information about the honored guests of Ibrahim (51:42)? When they entered upon him, they said: Peace. Peace, said he, a strange people (Scatterers 51.25).When Abraham was an old man he wisely saw to it that his son married to have children of his own, whereas it is unto thy seed will I give this land (Genesis 24:7). The Bible reminds us both of our common heritage and that people often do strange things because they believe that God, the Lord, or Allah, for that matter, tells them to.  For instance, Abraham circumcised his son Isaac when he was eight days old (Genesis 21:4). Abraham was so prone to his belief that he needed to be spared from making a human sacrifice of his son by the Angel of the Lord who arrived at the last minute to say, “Lay not thy hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him…I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the seashore; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast hearkened to My voice” (Gen 22:12-17-18).

G. At the Sermon on the Mount Jesus Christ elaborated "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.  Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled. Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God. Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you” (Mathew 5:1-12)

H. God said to Moses, 'Come up to Me, to the mountain, and remain there. I will give you the stone tablets, the Torah and the commandment that I have written for [the people's] instruction.'" (Exodus 24:12). It was during the six weekdays that God made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. God therefore blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. Honor your father and mother. You will then live long on the land that God your Lord is giving you. Do not commit murder. Do not commit adultery. Do not steal. Do not testify as a false witness against your neighbor. Do not be envious of your neighbor's house. Do not be envious of your neighbor's wife, his slave, his maid, his ox, his donkey, or anything else that is your neighbor's." (Exodus 20)  The 10 Commandments, that were twice written in tablets of clay as Moses was so angry with his people he destroyed the first draft, are:

1. I am the LORD; thou shalt not have any other Gods

2. Thou shalt not make any image of me, bow to it or worship it

3. Thou shalt not take thy LORD's name in vain.

4. Keep (and remember!) the day of Sabbath

5. Honor thy father and mother

6. Thou shalt not murder

7. Thou shalt not commit adultery

8. Thou shalt no steal

9 Thou shalt not bear false witness

10. Thou shalt not covet thy fellow-man's wife, house, or anything that is his.

I. O you who believe! be maintainers of justice, bearers of witness of Allah's sake…if he be rich or poor (Women 4:135)  Anyone who asks for help and anyone who is suffering from deprivation has a right to share in the property and wealth of those who are not; irrespective of whether they belong to this or to that nation, to this or to that country, to this or to that race, or to this or that religion. If one is in a position to help and a needy person asks for help or if one comes to know that they are in need, then it is one's duty to help them.  This day every soul shall be rewarded for what it has earned (40:17).  Whoever does good, whether male or female, shall enter the garden, in which they shall be given sustenance without measure (Believer 40:40).  In their property is a portion due to him who begs (51:19)  And in your own souls (too); will you not then see (51:21)? In the heaven is your sustenance (Scatterers 51:22) Successful indeed are the believers (23:1) Who are humble in their prayers (23:2) And who keep aloof from what is vain (23:3) And who are givers of poor-rate (Believers 23:4)

Sanders, Abraham. Hospitals & Asylums. Middle East and Central Asia. Article 1 Islamic Fundamentals. HA-2-3-06.