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World Health Advisory

 

Country

Major Infectious Diseases

World

HIV/AIDS: 0.8% prevalence, 36.9 million infected, 940,000 deaths (2018)

Afghanistan

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 7,500 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Albania

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 1,400 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Algeria

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 14,000 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

American Samoa

Zika

Angola

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS 1.9% prevalence, 310,000 infected, 13,000 deaths (2018)

Anguilla

Zika virus (2016)

Antigua and Barbuda

Zika virus (2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

Argentina

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 120,000 infected, 2,000 deaths (2018)

Armenia

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 3,400 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Aruba

Zika virus (2016)

Australia

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 26,000 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Austria

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 7,400 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Azerbaijan

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 8,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Bahamas

HIV/AIDS: 1.9% prevalence, 5,300 infected (2018)

Bahrain

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <500 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Bangladesh

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations (2016)

water contact diseases: leptospirosis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 13,000 infected, 1,100 deaths

Barbados

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.6% prevalence, 2,700 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Belarus

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 24,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Belize

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.9% prevalence, 4,500 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Benin

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1% prevalence, 70,000 infected, 2,500 deaths (2018)

Bhutan

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

Bolivia

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 21,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Botswana

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 22.8% prevalence, 380,000 infected, 4,100 deaths (2018)

Brazil

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A  (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 860,000 infected, 14,000 deaths (2018)

Bulgaria

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 2,800 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Burkina Faso

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.8% prevalence, 94,000 infected, 2,900 deaths (2018)

Burma (Myanmar)

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016)

water contact diseases: leptospirosis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.7% prevalence, 220,000 infected, 6,700 deaths (2018)

Burundi

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.1% prevalence, 78,000 infected, 1,700 deaths (2018)

Cabo Verde

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 2,400 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Cambodia

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.5% prevalence, 67,000 infected, 1,300 deaths (2018)

Cameroon

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 3.7% prevalence, 510,000 infected, 24,000 deaths (2018)

Cayman Islands

Zika virus (2016)

Central African Republic

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 4% prevalence, 110,000 infected, 5,200 deaths (2018)

Chad

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.3% prevalence, 110,000 infected, 3,100 deaths (2018)

Chile

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 67,000 infected (2018)

China

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: Japanese encephalitis (2016)

soil contact diseases: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <0.1%, 450,000-1.5 million infected, 7,000 deaths

Colombia

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.5% prevalence, 150,000 infected, 4,400 deaths (2018)

Comoros

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <200 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever (2016), ebolavirus (2018)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-gambiense (African sleeping sickness) (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.7% prevalence, 390,000 infected, 17,000 deaths (2018)

Congo, Republic of the

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever (2016), ebolavirus (2018)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 3.1% prevalence, 100,000 infected, 4,900 deaths (2018)

Costa Rica

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 13,000 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Cote d'Ivoire

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever (2016), ebolavirus (2018)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 2.8% prevalence, 500,000 infected, 24,000 deaths (2018)

Croatia

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 1,500 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Cuba

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A  (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 30,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Curacao

Zika virus (2016)

Cyprus

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, <1,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Denmark

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 6,400 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Djibouti

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.3% prevalence, 9,100 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Dominica

Zika virus (2016)

 

Dominican Republic

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016), Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.9% prevalence, 67,000 infected, 2,600 deaths (2018)

Ecuador

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016), Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 36,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Egypt

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 16,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

El Salvador

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016), Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 25,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Equatorial Guinea

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 6.5% prevalence, 53,000 infected, 1,900 deaths (2018)

Eritrea

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 53,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Estonia

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.7% prevalence, 5,700 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Eswatini

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 27.4% prevalence, 210,000 infected, 3,500 deaths (2018)

Ethiopia

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.9% prevalence, 610,000 infected, 15,000 death (2018)

Fiji

Zika virus (2016)   

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, <1,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

France

HIV/AIDS: 0.5% prevalence, 200,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Gabon

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever (2016), ebolavirus (2018)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 4.2% prevalence, 56,000 infected, 1,300 deaths (2018)

Gambia, The

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.6% prevalence, 21,000 infected, 1,100 deaths (2018)

Georgia

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 11,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Germany

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 91,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Ghana

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.7% prevalence, 310,000 infected, 16,000 deaths (2018)

Greece

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 14,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Grenada

Zika virus (2016)

Guatemala

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 46,000 infected, 2,000 deaths (2018)

Guinea

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.5% prevalence, 120,000 infected, 5,100 deaths (2018)

Guinea-Bissau

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 3.4% prevalence, 40,000 infected, 1,900 death (2018)

Guyana

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016),

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.7% prevalence, 8,200 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Haiti

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.9% prevalence, 150,000 infected, 4,700 deaths (2018)

Honduras

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016),

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 22,000 infected, 1,000 deaths (2018)

Hungary

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 2,800 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

India

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)

water contact diseases: leptospirosis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 2.1 million infected, 69,000 deaths (2018)

Indonesia

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 630,000 infected, 39,000 deaths (2018)

Iran

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 60,000 infected, 3,500 deaths (2018)

Iraq

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

Ireland

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 7,200 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Italy

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 7,200 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Jamaica

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.8% prevalence, 34,000 infected, 1,500 deaths (2018)

Japan

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 28,000 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Jordan

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <500 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Kazakhstan

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 27,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Kenya

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever  (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 4.8% prevalence, 1.5 million infected, 28,000 deaths (2018)

Kuwait

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <1,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Kyrgyzstan

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 7,600 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Laos

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 12,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Latvia

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.7% prevalence, 6,600 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Lebanon

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 2,200 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Lesotho

HIV/AIDS: 23.8% prevalence, 320,000 infected, 4,900 deaths (2018)

Liberia

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.4% prevalence, 40,000 infected, 2,500 deaths (2018)

Lithuania

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 2,800 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Luxembourg

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 1,100 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Macedonia

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <500 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Madagascar

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 35,000 infected, 1,600 deaths (2018)

Malawi

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 9.6% prevalence, 1 million infected, 17,000 deaths (2018)

Malaysia

degree of risk:  intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: leptospirosis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 87,000 infected, 4,400 deaths (2018)

Mali

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever  (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.2% prevalence, 130,000 infected, 6,300 deaths (2018)

Marshall Islands

Zika virus(2016)

Mauritania

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 9,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Mexico

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 230,000 infected, 4,000 deaths (2018)

Micronesia, Federated States of

Zika virus (2016)

Moldova

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 15,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Mongolia

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <1,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Montenegro

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <500 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Morocco

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 20,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Mozambique

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 12.5% prevalence, 2.1 million infected, 70,000 deaths (2018)

Namibia

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 12.1% prevalence, 200,000 infected, 2,700 deaths (2018)

Nepal

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 31,000 infected, 1,300 deaths (2018)

Netherlands

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 23,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

New Caledonia

Zika virus (2016)

New Zealand

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 3,700 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Nicaragua

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 9,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Niger

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 36,000 infected, 1,800 deaths (2018)

Nigeria

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 2.8% prevalence, 3.1 million infected, 150,000 deaths (2018)

Norway

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 5,100 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Pakistan

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria  (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016), HIV from unsafe blood transfusion (2018)

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 150,000 infected, 6,200 deaths (2018)

Panama

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1% prevalence, 25,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Papua New Guinea

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.9% prevalence, 48,000 infected, 1,100 deaths (2018)

Paraguay

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.5% prevalence, 20,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Peru

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Bartonellosis (Oroya fever) (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 72,000 infected, 2,100 deaths (2018)

Philippines

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

water contact diseases: leptospirosis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 68,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Poland

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

Portugal

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 40,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Puerto Rico

Zika virus (2016)

Qatar

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 500 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Romania

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 16,000 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Russia

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016), alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.2% prevalence, 1 million infected (2018)

Rwanda

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 2.7% prevalence, 220,000 infected, 3,100 deaths (2018)

Saint Barthelemy

Zika virus (2016)

Saint Lucia

Zika virus (2016)

Saint Martin

Zika virus (2016)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Zika virus (2016)

Samoa

Zika virus (2016)

Sao Tome and Principe

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

Saudi Arabia

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 8,200 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Senegal

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 43,000 infected, 2,100 deaths (2018)

Serbia

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 2,700 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Sierra Leone

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.4% prevalence, 61,000 infected, 2,600 deaths (2018)

Singapore

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 7,600 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Sint Maarten

Zika virus (2016)

Slovakia

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <1,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Slovenia

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, <1,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Somalia

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.1% prevalence, 11,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

South Africa

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever (2016), ebolavirus (2018)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 18.8% prevalence, 7.2 million infected, 110,000 deaths (2018)

Sri Lanka

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A (2016)

vectorborne diseases:dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: leptospirosis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

<1% prevalence, 3,500 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Sudan

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 51,000 infected, 2,600 deaths (2018)

Sudan, South

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever (2016), ebolavirus (2018)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, trypanosomiasis-Gambiense (African sleeping sickness) (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 2.4% prevalence, 150,000 infected, 12,000 deaths (2018)

Suriname

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria  (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.3% prevalence, 4,800 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Sweden

HIV/AIDS: 0.2% prevalence, 11,000 infected, <100 deaths (2018)

Tajikistan

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 15,000 infected, <1,000 deaths (2018)

Tanzania

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis and leptospirosis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 4.5% prevalence, 1.5 million infected, 32,000 deaths (2018)

Thailand

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.1% prevalence, 440,000 infected, 15,000 deaths (2018)

Timor-Leste

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Togo

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 2.1% prevalence, 110,000 infected, 4,700 deaths (2018)

Tonga

Zika virus(2016)

Trinidad and Tobago

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 1.1% prevalence, 11,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Tunisia

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 3,000 infected, <200 deaths (2018)

Turks and Caicos Islands

Zika virus (2016)

Uganda

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever (2016), ebolavirus (2018)

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-Gambiense (African sleeping sickness)(2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 5.9% prevalence, 1.3 million infected, 26,000 deaths (2018)

Ukraine

HIV/AIDS: 0.9% prevalence, 240,000 infected, 9,000 deaths (2018)

United Kingdom

HIV/AIDS: 0.16% prevalence, 101,200 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

United States of America

HIV/AIDS: 0.4% prevalence, 1 million infected, 15,809 death (2018)

Uruguay

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 13,000 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Uzbekistan

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 52,000 infected, 1,900 deaths (2018)

Venezuela

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Zika virus (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.6% prevalence, 120,000 infected, 2,500 deaths (2018)

Vietnam

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 0.3% prevalence, 250,000 infected, 8,600 deaths (2018)

Virgin Islands

Zika virus (2016)

Yemen

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

HIV/AIDS: <1% prevalence, 9,900 infected, <500 deaths (2018)

Zambia

degree of risk: very high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 11.5% prevalence, 1.1 million infected, 16,000 deaths (2018)

Zimbabwe

degree of risk: high (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)

animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)

HIV/AIDS: 13.3% prevalence, 1.3 million infected, 22,000 deaths (2018)

Source: CIA World Factbook infectious diseases (2016) HIV/AIDS (2018), CDC ebolavirus (2018),

CDC US HIV/AIDS (2018),