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Military Diplomacy (MD)

 

To supplement Chapter One Navy Hospitals, Naval Home, Army and other Naval Hospital, and Hospital Relief for Seamen and Others §1-40. To improve morale change of the name of the Department of Defense (DoD) to the Military Department (MD) to graduate from Secretary of Defense Transfer Order No. 40 of July 22, 1949 like the Public Health Department (PHD), from the Department of Education Reorganization Act of 1978 and U.S. Customs from the Homeland Security Act of 2002. Since its foundation in 1775 the US military has suffered nearly 1.3 million casualties in 13 wars. There are more than 27 million US veterans. FY17 there were estimated to be a total of 1.4 million active duty US soldiers, another 1.28 million Ready and Stand-by Reserves and 669,000 Civilian Employees, for a total of 3.35 million employees including 2.68 million soldiers. FY 17 Defense total budget request of $582.7 billion seems adequate to calculate 2.5% annual growth in total military spending to $597.3 billion FY 18 instead of either a 3.1% reduction or 8.8% increase. The President must settle for 2.5% non-welfare administrative spending growth to $597.3 billion FY18, $612.2 billion FY19, $627.5 billion FY20. Total FY 17 spending reported by the three military departments - Air Force $168.9 billion, Army $148 billion and the Navy and Marine Corp $164.9 billion = $477.4 billion Military Department spending and $597.3 billion in federal revenues FY17, a $120 billion military surplus. To comply with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) the US nuclear arsenal was reduced from 10,000 warheads, to no more than 1,700 to 2,200 nuclear warheads by 2012 and plans to ultimately eliminate them. To judge use of force, biological experimentation like tight shoes, and environmental modification the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques of 1977 and Law of the Sea of 1982 must be upheld. Subsidies for slash and burn forest labor and logging need to be abolished. Slash piles and fire ladders to arson the national forest must be dismantled to prevent kerosene from causing the forest fires that cause triple digit summer heat that melts the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978. Non-emergency rescue use of the new Coast Guard ice-breaker must be prohibited to protect the polar ice from hydrocarbon oceanic warming pumps and pollution under the Polar Code of January 1, 2017. Hostile oceanic warming pumps cause drought and intensify hurricanes and natural weather oscillations, they have been extinguished by the Styrene Information and Research Center (SIRC) and cabled out with magnet by Dutch Navy for the benefit of news meteorology in 2005. Oceanic cooling pumps can prevent hurricanes by reducing water temperature below 80ľ F US under Patent No. (2002) 0008155 and US Patent No. (2008) 0175728 A1. The only peaceful purpose of oceanic heating pumps is to generate winds blowing in the direction of oceanic cooling pumps patented in 2012 by AS Trust & Holdings US Patent R441A by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, closer to the coast, to make clouds to be seeded by Rainmaking US Patent No. (1966) 3,429,507 that can cause flooding. To compensate civilians for any injury, casualty and property damage caused by State action. In peace-time there are years when there are no work-related deaths in the US military. To pass the Marine Corp Physical Fitness Test (PFT) 50-100 push-ups, 50-100 crunches and 3-mile run.

 

Be the Democratic and Republican (DR) two party system Abolished

 

1st Ed. 20 August 2004, Memorial and Veteran’s Day until the 6th ed. Memorial Day 28 May 2007, 7th Memorial Day 26 May 2008, 8th 25 May 2009, 9th National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day 7 December 2009, 10th National Defense Transportation Day 20 May 2011, 11th 1 May 2012, 12th 5 May 2015, 13th Memorial Day 30 May 2016, 14th Armed Forces Day 20 May 2017

 

1.This Act supplements the contents of Title 24 Chapter One Navy Hospitals, Naval Home, Army and other Naval Hospital, and Hospital Relief for Seamen and Others §1-40.  The United States has the best-trained, most effective military in the world. The military is an all-volunteer force of dedicated, patriotic men and women who reflect the best values and spirit of our Nation. The Army, Navy, and Marine Corps were established in 1775, in concurrence with the American Revolution. On June 30, 1775, the Second Continental Congress established 69 Articles of War to govern the conduct of the Continental Army.  The War Department was established in 1789, and was the precursor to what is now the Department of Defense.  On April 10, 1806, the first United States Congress enacted 101 Articles of War, which were not significantly revised until over a century later.  The Department of Defense (DoD) was named in the Secretary of Defense Transfer Order No. 40 of July 22, 1949.  To improve the morale of all Americans the President needs to change the name of the Department of Defense (DoD) to Military Department (MD). Likewise, the Department of Homeland Security (HS) needs to change their name to U.S. Customs and Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to Public Health Department (PHD) under the Department of Education Reorganization Act of 1978.  Since the creation of America’s first army in 1775, the Department has evolved into one of the largest organizations in the world. It executes a budget more than twice that of the world’s largest corporation, has more personnel than the populations of a third of the world’s countries, provides medical care for as many patients as the largest health management organization and maintains 24 million acres of land. FY17 there were estimated to be a total of 1.4 million active duty US soldiers, another 1.28 million Ready and Stand-by Reserves and 669,000 Civilian Employees, for a total of 3.35 million employees including 2.68 million soldiers. The FY 17 Defense Department budget submission requests raises in Basic Pay (1.6%), Basic Allowance for Housing (2.9%) and Basic Allowance for Subsistence (3.4%). A 2.1% pay raise was suggested. The Defense must settle for 2.5% non-welfare administrative spending growth from $583 billion FY17, to $597.3 billion FY18, $612.2 billion FY19, $627.5 billion FY20. Total FY 17 spending reported by the three military departments - Air Force $168.9 billion, Army $148 billion and the Navy and Marine Corp $164.9 billion = $477.4 billion Military Department spending and $5833 billion in federal revenues FY17, a $106 billion military surplus.

 

Department of Defense Budget Since September 11th Attacks

 

Fiscal Year

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Total

316.2

345.1

437.5

467.6

478.9

534.5

600.9

665.9

666.3

OMB

290.2

331.9

388.7

437.0

474.4

499.3

528.6

594.7

636.8

Fiscal Year

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total

691.0

687.0

645.5

577.6

581.4

560.4

580.3

582.7

597.3

OMB

666.7

678.1

650.9

607.8

577.9

562.5

576.4

586.8

568.6

Source: DoD Budget Request FY17 1-5; OMB Defense Row, Outlay by Agency Table 4.1, Department of Defense (DoD) Immediate Release Fiscal Year 2017 President’s Budget Proposal. Press Operations. Release No: NR-046-16 February 9, 2016

 

2. Individual agencies are expected to begin the customary process of sending budget requests for the upcoming fiscal year to the White House. The President has not submitted budget contents to Congress in the first week of January to first week of February to Congress under 31USC§1105. The White House obeyed the United Nations to publish the Historical Tables and admits that America First is not a genuine budget submission, just a misguided attempt to commit the civil rights crime of deprivation of relief benefits under 18USC§246. Having recalculated using existent FY17 data, there is now guidance for agencies to make their FY18 congressional budget request and the budget will be highly scrutinized for the next two months as the Budget declaration of the United States is codified to supplement Chapter 3. To produce an accurate agency by outlay ledger to estimate total federal spending OMB must (1) delete the duplicitous Allowances and Other Defense Civil Programs rows, (2) add international assistance to the State Department row and delete the international assistance row, having transferred all State foreign military, education, law enforcement and narcotics control finance to the United Nations and (3) not yet done, transfer human services spending to and rename other independent agencies on-budget row to avoid paying more than $1 trillion for health FY18 under 2.5% health annuity since FY14 overestimates until national health expenditure is less than 10% of GDP. Fill in the blanks with the exact right federal spending estimates of agency congressional budget justifications, FY18 budget request. Then to preliminarily recalculate the gross national debt, in preparation for agency-by-agency national debt accounting reconciliation, OMB must cancel Other Defense Civil Program from FY09 and resurgence of Allowances, but first, before hacking it, the White House of Office of Management and Budget (WHOMB) must either purchase this ledger for a $2.4 million homeless shelter with encrypted wifi and Trump Trail and/or hire the budget director actually submitting the FY18 budget table to Congress under 31USC§1106 and §1105.

 

Government Outlays by Agency Ledger FY 2016-18

(in billions)

 

FY 2016

FY 2017 Obama

FY 2017 Cabinet

FY2018 Trump

FY 2018 Cabinet

Legislative Branch

4.7

4.9

4.6

-

4.7

Judicial Branch

7.7

7.7

7.0

-

7.2

Department of Agriculture

154

151

151

17.9

155

Department of Commerce

10.5

10.5

9.75

7.8

10.0

Department of Defense – Military Programs

576

587

583

639

598

Department of Education

79.1

68.4

74

59

76

Department of Energy

27.4

30.4

30.3

28

31.1

Department of Health and Human Services

1,110

1,144

986

69

1,011

Department of Homeland Security

51.8

47.8

40.6

44.1

41.6

Department of Housing and Urban Development

28.7

40.7

40.3

40.7

41.4

Department of the Interior

14

15

13.4

11.6

13.7

Department of Justice

39.1

35.3

32.3

27.7

33.1 or 17.4 abolished

Department of Labor

43.6

51.0

47

9.6

48.3

Department of State

46.9

55.3

54.3

37.6

56.2

Department of Transportation

77.8

85.8

77.9

16.2

79.8

Department of Treasury

540.4

618.3

570

12.1

589

Department of Veterans Affairs

177.6

180.2

179

78.9

185

Corps of Engineers – Civil Works

6.7

6.7

4.8

-

4.9

Environmental Protection Agency

8.3

8.7

8.3

5.7

8.5

Executive Office of the President

0.4

0.409

0.409

-

0.419

General Services Administration

-0.719

1.3

0.262

-

0.269

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

19.2

19.3

19.0

19.1

19.5

National Science Foundation

6.9

7.0

7.6

-

7.8

Office of Personnel Management

93.9

96.1

50.9

-

52.2

Small Business Administration

-0.3

1.0

0.878

0.8265

0.9

Social Security Administration (On-budget)

95

98.6

59.5

9.3

62.5 or zero if rich taxed

Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)

22.1

22.3

22.3

-

22.9

Postal Service

0

0

21.6

-

22.2

Undistributed Offsetting Receipts On-budget

-145.1

-150.2

-150.2

-

-140.6

On-budget Outlays

3,096

3,245

2,946

discretionary base budget authority 1,065

3,043 or 2,946 if rich taxed and 2,930 if enforcement also abolished

On-budget Receipts

2,538

2,817

2,817

3,035

On-budget Surplus or Deficit

-558

-428

-129

-8 deficit or 89 surplus if the rich are taxed and 105 surplus if enforcement also abolished

Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)

0.5

1.2

1.2

-

1.2

Social Security Administration (Off-budget)

896.7

933.1

969

-

1,015 or 1,330 if rich are taxed

Undistributed Offsetting Receipts (Off-budget)

-108

-106

0

-

0

Off-budget Outlays

790

829

970

1,016 or 1,300 if rich are taxed

Off-budget Receipts

797

827

997

1,042 or 1,355 if rich taxed

Off-budget surplus or deficit

+7

-2

17

26 or 55 surplus if rich taxed

Undistributed Offsetting Receipts total

-253

-256

0

-

0

Total outlays

3,886

4,074

3,916

-

4,059 or 4,246 if rich are taxed and 4,230 if enforcement also abolished

Total revenues

3,335

3,644

3,814

4,077 or 4,390 if rich taxed

Total surplus or deficit

-551

-430

-102

+18 or +144 if rich taxed and +160 if enforcement also abolished

Source: OMB Table 4.1 18/12/16, Table 4.1 Outlays by Agency should be exclusively on-budget; Social Security total revenues and expenditures can be accounted for in Table 1.1 Outlays, Revenues, Surplus or Deficit directly from the Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of the OASDI Trust Funds. Trump, Donald; Mulvaney, Mick. America First: A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again. Office of Management and Budget. 2017

 

3. America First: A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again admits that it does not qualify as a budget. The document needs to be overruled in its entirety; due to its total lack of accountability and armed robbery of the civilian administration. The President hopes to unrealistically increase military spending at the expense of budget cuts for civilian agencies. Unjustified budget cuts of civilian constitute the civil rights crime of deprivation of relief benefits 18USC§246. The strategy of financing the armed forces at the expense of the civilian administration constitutes Advocacy of the Overthrow of the Government by force under 18USC(115)§2385. The Defense Department must estimate 2.5% annual growth in military spending from FY17 and every foreseeable year in the future. The President is unaccountable and his numbers are unlawful. The Department of Defense is obligated to produce a budget total for defense spending, phase out reference to the Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) and better study departmental spending of the Air Force, Army and Navy. The continuing reduction of US forces from the previous administration to the new administration unfairly imposes on the new President who needs to uphold the 2.5% non-welfare government spending growth from FY17 to produce a budget surplus FY18 and in the future. US troops have died in Yemen and Afghanistan incidental to three Presidentially ordered Conspiracies to kill, kidnap, maim or injure persons or damage property in a foreign country 18USC§956. The attack on Yemen, dropping a bunker buster bomb on a cave in Afghanistan and the bombing of the chemical weapons depot that compelled Syria to join the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (CWC). The temporary restraining order against the Executive Order regarding immigration neutralizes an inept attempt by the unpopular, unaccountable and somewhat demented, anti-immigration President to kidnap nationals of certain nations, without giving them adequate warning that visas for those countries were under review or providing them with due process so that there would be grievances. Aside from Conspiracies to kill, kidnap, maim or injure persons or damage property in a foreign country 18USC§956. The Marine Corp Homeland Security Secretary is furthermore guilty of inciting the bombing of several small private aircrafts, perhaps with the very same improvised explosive devices, he unlawfully alarmed the public about in violation of Destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities 18USC§32.

 

 

4. Two counts of Arson against the United States “Northwest Passage” under 18USC§81 and Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques of 1977. First, for the slash piles that need to be dismantled on the West Coast financed by “full fire suppression” propaganda of the OMB Director = 80 hours chucking wood on every mountain + 20 hours of litigation + 4 hours redoing the Cabinet spending ledger, the $50-$110 billion FY2018 federal budget surplus hacked incidental to the order for the White House to publish the Historical Tables and non-budget submission America First. Slash and burn forest labor is arson not “firefighting”, “fire suppression” propaganda constitutes provision of material support for terrorism 18USC§2339A (a) fire suppression = arson = overcutting. To prohibit the finance of terrorism subsidies for arson; slash and burn forest labor must be reinvested and labor and management retrained to fight wildfire under 18USC§2339C. Second, for the oceanic heating pumps array emanating from the Potomac River causing heat in the East, drought in the Great Plains, that need to be extinguished and cabled out of the sea for the US Navy to have the standing to remove all the hydrocarbon heating and cooling pumps worldwide under the Law of the Sea of 1982. Having chilled Australian waters in the month of April, a third count of arson against unkown East African drought defendant 40ľ S from Rio de Janeiro to the middle of the Indian Ocean, for extinguishment and removal by cable under Hague Convention VIII Relative to the Laying of Automatic Submarine Contract Mines, reassured that there have been no declarations by any nations pertaining to Convention III Relative to the Opening of Hostilities of 18 October 1907. Arson within special maritime and territorial jurisdiction includes hostile oceanic hydrocarbon heating pumps under 18USC§81.

 

 

5. The new US Coast Guard icebreaker in Arctic waters is subject to regulation by the International Maritime Organization who has adopted the International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code) and related amendments to make it mandatory under both the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL); the Polar Code entered into force on 1 January 2017. The Polar Code is intended to cover the full range of shipping-related matters relevant to navigation in waters surrounding the two poles – ship design, construction and equipment; operational and training concerns; search and rescue; and, equally important, the protection of the unique environment and eco-systems of the polar regions. The treaty was upheld by the Fairbanks Declaration 2017: On the Occasion of the Tenth Ministerial Meeting of the Arctic Council Reaffirming our commitment to the well-being of the inhabitants of the Arctic, especially including the indigenous, to sustainable development and to the protection of the Arctic environment. Thermal pollution from hydrocarbon heating pumps is clearly prohibited. Use of the new Coast Guard ice-breaker under the Agreement on arctic cooperation between the United States and Canada, that was signed at Ottawa on 11 January 1988, is limited by the Agreement on Cooperation on Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue in the Arctic and Arctic Coast Guard Forum. Northwest Passage? The application of the first Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program’s State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report to the Arctic Protected Area Indicator Report will help implement the Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas to strengthen marine ecosystem resilience and to foster the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources.

 

6. War is defined as a military conflict, either international or domestic, that takes the lives of more than 1,000 people.  War is a prolonged state of violent, large-scale conflict involving two or more groups of people.  Since the founding of the United Nations in 1945 the world has only seen 26 days without war.  The United States has fought a total of 13 wars and suffered an estimated 1.3 million casualties in thirteen wars.  Nearly half of US casualties were incurred by the Civil War when 625,000 US  and Confederate soldiers lost their lives.  25,000 were killed and another 25,000 wounded in the American Revolutionary War (1775-83).  In the War of 1812-15 an estimated 20,000 US soldiers died and 4,505 were wounded. In the Mexican war (1846-48) 13,282 US soldiers died and 13,800 were wounded. In the Civil War (1861-65) an estimated 625,000 US soldiers died, 364,511 from the Union and 260,000 from the Confederates, 281,881 Union soldiers were wounded. In the Spanish-American War 345 US soldiers died, 1,645 were wounded and 2,565 diseased, at least 10,660 Cubans were killed and 3,560 Spaniard were killed and 13,500 wounded or diseased. In the Philippine War 1898-1902 4,196 US soldiers died and 2,930 were wounded, an estimated 16,000 Philippine soldiers died and 250,000 – 1 million civilians lost their lives.  In World War I (1917-18) 116,516 US soldiers died and 204,002 were wounded, an estimated 19 million civilians were killed, including 9 million soldiers from both sides, and 21 million wounded.  In World War II 1941-45 405,399 US soldiers died and 670,846 were wounded, an estimated 55 million civilians were killed.  In the Korean War (1950-53) 36,516 US soldiers died and 103,284 were wounded, more than 2 million Koreans died.  In the Vietnam War 1964-73 58,151 US soldiers died and 153,303 were wounded, more than 2 million Vietnamese were killed.  In the first Gulf War (1990-91) 299 US soldiers died and 467 were wounded, an estimated 25,000 civilians were killed.  In the War in Afghanistan (2001-11) over a thousand US soldiers died, at least 4,565 were wounded, and 30,000-50,000 civilians have been killed. In the Iraq War (2003-10) 4,369 US soldiers died and at least 31,572 were wounded, an estimated 1.3 million Iraqis died. War and armed conflicts in general are traditionally brought to an end through the ratification of treaties of peace.  Although history is rife with conflict, some peoples, regions and nations have enjoyed periods of peace that have lasted generations, such as Sweden (1814–present), Switzerland (1848–present) and Costa Rica (1949–present) who following 1949 abolished its army. 

 

7. Advances in military technology such as rapid fire rifles and explosives have made the 20th century the most violent in human history.  Around the world nearly three times as many people were killed in conflict in the 20th century as in the previous four, not very peaceful, centuries combined, with 109.7 million conflict related deaths, 4.35% of the general population based on mid-century population.  Mega murder, the death of more than 1 million people occurred in the US occupation of the Philippines (1898-1911), 19 million died in WWI (1914-18), 55 million in WWII (1940-1946), 2 million in each Korea (1950-54), Vietnam (1962-74), Cambodia and the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1980-88), the Iraq war (2003-2010) passed the million casualty mark in 2009.  The worst catastrophe in terms of human life were the domestic repression of communist regimes under Chairman Mao that took 40 million lives and Stalin who killed 50 million of his own people. Even in times of war, disease is the most prolific killer of both soldiers and civilians; however medical advances have made it so that more soldiers are hospitalized for disease than combat related injuries. Since WWII and détente world poverty has overtaken war as the greatest source of avoidable human misery.  More people, some 300 million, have died from hunger and remediable diseases in peacetime in the seventeen years since the end of the Cold War than have perished from wars, civil wars and government repression over the entire twentieth century.  Some 830 million human beings are chronically undernourished, 1.1 billion lack access to safe water, 2.6 billion lack access to basic sanitation, 2 billion lack access to essential drugs, 1 billion lack adequate shelter, and 2 billion lack electricity, 774 million adults are illiterate and 218 million children between five and seventeen do wage work outside of the household.  The UN Millennium Development Goals for 2015 were successful at reducing by half the number of people living in poverty, supplying antiretroviral medicine to alleviate the AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa and other benchmarks since 1990. The international community face victims of natural calamities, victims of historical or contemporary wrongs such as colonialism, slavery and genocide, as well as victims of domestic injustice associated with race, gender, ethnic identity, religion or social class.  Human rights and market-oriented development creates the norms and values that explain the democratic peace.  Belief in human rights and a liberal economy makes people in democracies reluctant to go to war.

 

Lead Military Spenders

 

1

United States

$518.1 billion (FY04 est.) (2005 est.)

4.06% (FY03 est.) (2005 est.)

2

China

$81.48 billion (2005 est.)

4.3% (2005 est.)

3

France

$45 billion FY06 (2005)

2.6% FY06 (2005 est.)

4

Japan

$44.31 billion (2005 est.)

1% (2005 est.)

5

United Kingdom

$42.87 billion (2003)

2.4% (2003)

6

Italy

$28.83 billion (2003)

1.8% (2004)

7

Korea, South

$21.06 billion FY05 (2005 est.)

2.6% FY05 (2005 est.)

8

India

$19.04 billion (2005 est.)

2.5% (2005 est.)

9

Saudi Arabia

$18 billion (2002)

10% (2002)

10

Australia

$17.84 billion (2005 est.)

2.7% (2005 est.)

11

Turkey

$12.155 billion (2003)

5.3% (2003)

12

Spain

$9.91billion (2003)

1.2% (2003)

13

Israel

$9.45 billion (2005 est.)

7.7% (2005 est.)

14

Netherlands

$9.408 billion (2004)

1.6% (2004)

Source: CIA World Fact Book 2006 before the concealment of military expenditures in 2007

 

8. More than $1.3 trillion goes into the world’s military expenses annually; about half of this from the world’s last remaining superpower, the United States, discounting the combined might of Europe, which the United States should not get entangled in. Effort must be made to limit the burden of military spending on the United States so that it is more proportional with the rest of the world. The US is responsible for crudely 50% of the +/- $1.25 trillion in gross aggregate military expenditure worldwide. The USA has the largest armed services budget of any nation in the world with $611 billion (inc. veteran’s benefits) expenditure in 2006. The next largest national military is that of the People’s Republic of China that cost $81 billion in 2005. The European Union, including prospective members except Russia had a combined military spending of $558 billion.  China has about 1.4 million ground forces personnel with approximately 400,000 deployed to the three military regions opposite Taiwan. China has nuclear capabilities, a large air force, numerous missiles and attack vehicles. China is a serious military power. China has however embarked upon an ambitious economic agenda that is succeeding so military domination is not their agenda. Consistent with the provisions of the Taiwan Relations Act, Public Law 96-8 (1979), the United States continues to make available defense articles, services, and training assistance to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability. China’s leaders describe the initial decades of the 21st Century as a “20-year period of opportunity,” meaning that regional and international conditions will generally be peaceful and conducive to economic, diplomatic, and military development and thus to China’s rise as a great power. Over the past decade, as the People’s Liberation Army transformed from an infantry-dominated force with limited power projection ability into a more modern force with long-range precision strike assets. The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) estimates China’s total military related spending for 2007 could be as much as $85 billion to $125 billion.  The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe CFE opened in 1990 limits the numbers of conventional armaments and equipment not to exceed 40,000 battle tanks, 60,000 armored combat vehicles, 40,000 pieces of artillery, 13,600 combat aircraft and 4,000 attack helicopters.

 

Nations Receiving Foreign Military Finance in Excess of $3 million FY 2007 & 2017

 

Country

Military Assistance

2007

% of Total

Military Assistance

2017

Country

Military Assistance 2007

% of Total

Military Assistance 2017

Iraq

4,143

32%

150

Turkey

18

0.1%

0

Afghanistan

3,642

28%

0

Romania

16

0.1%

5.4

Israel

2,340

18%

3,100

Morocco

14

0.1%

12

Egypt

1,301

10%

1,300

Ukraine

11

0.08%

47

Oman

4

Lebanon

84.1

Bahrain

7.5

Moldova

11.25

Pakistan

312

2.4%

265

Georgia

11

0.08%

30

Sudan

254

2%

124.4

Bosnia & Herzegovina

10

0.08%

4

Jordan

211

1.6%

385

El Salvador

9

0.07%

1.6

Russia

112

0.9%

0

Indonesia

9

0.07%

14

Kosovo

4.4

Vietnam

10.75

Colombia

87

0.7%

27

Azerbaijan

5

0.03%

1.7

Liberia

56

0.4%

13.8

Kazakhstan

4

0.03%

0.8

Philippines

43

0.3%

50

Albania

4

0.03%

2.4

Tunisia

30

Mexico

4.7

Poland

31

0.2%

9

Macedonia

4

0.03%

4

Honduras

3.1

Nepal

3.8

Bulgaria

24

0.2%

5

United States

13,025

100%

5,900

Source: U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Foreign Economic and Military Aid by Recipient Country 2000 to 2007. Table 1263, Kerry, John. Congressional Budget Justification. State Department, Foreign Operations and Related Programs FY 2017 pg. 193-195

 

9. Foreign military finance needs to be abolished by both the Departments of Defense and State who each pay 50 percent of  foreign military finance under the Arms Export Control Act. Countries receiving military aid shall participate in collective measures requested by the United Nations for the purpose of maintaining or restoring international peace and security, or for the purpose of assisting foreign military forces in less developed countries, or the voluntary efforts of personnel of the Armed Forces of the United States in such countries to construct public works and to engage in other activities helpful to the economic and social development of the country 22USC(32)2302. Gross violations of internationally recognized human rights includes mass murders, killing prisoners of war, torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges and trial, causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction and clandestine detention of those persons, and other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of person. Countries determined to be in gross violation of human rights are not eligible for military assistance from the United States. Nor are United States Armed Forces permitted to commit such aforementioned violations of internationally recognized human rights 22USC(32)§2304. The United States Department of Defense (and US Department of State for their half) is authorized to administrate only $800 million of foreign military assistance every year under 22USC(32)§2312 on the stipulation that; No defense articles shall be furnished on a grant basis to any country at a cost in excess of $3,000,000 except under 22USC(32)§2314 wherefore defense articles under the Arms Export Control Act 22USC(35)III§2751 will not get into the hands of people who are not employed by the government and that defense stockpiles are kept at US bases and value less than $50 million.  Between 2007 and 2017 Foreign Military Finance (FMF) total spending went down -55% from $13 billion to $5.9 billion Foreign military financing to Afghanistan, Turkey and Russia have been eliminated between 2007 and 2017 and spending on Iraq declined -96% from $4.1 billion to $150 million. Ten new countries began receiving more than $3 million in foreign military finance between 2007 & 2017 – Oman $4 million, Lebanon $84.1 million Bahrain $7.5 million, Moldova $11.25 million, Kosovo $4.4 million, Vietnam $10.75 million, Tunisia $30 million, Mexico $4.7 million, Honduras $3.1 million and Nepal $3.8 million FY 2017.  The general feeling is the $3.1 billion foreign military finance for Israel needs to be abolished because Israel has been convicted by the Human Rights Council of Gross violations of internationally recognized human rights includes mass murders, killing prisoners of war, torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges and trial, causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction and clandestine detention of those persons, and other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of person. Countries determined to be in gross violation of human rights are not eligible for military assistance from the United States. Nor are United States Armed Forces permitted to commit such aforementioned violations of internationally recognized human rights 22USC(32)§2304. $1.3 billion of military finance for Egypt should also be terminated because of the overthrow and detention of its former Presidential recipient. It is absolutely critical that the State Department eliminate all foreign military finance for Israel. To better defend Israel against opportunistic neighbors construct a U.S. Military base in Israel and pay compensation for Israeli offensives at UN Compensation Commission Rates at the Palestine Supreme Court. Because foreign military finance and education is thought to be subversive and violates the Arms Export Control Act foreign military finance must be abolished.

 

10. Peace is a state of harmony, defined as the absence of hostility. While the economy may be elusive peace is a legitimate objective.  The traditional political definition of peace and the very word itself originated among the ancient Romans who defined peace, pax, as absentia belli, the absence of war.  This term is applied to describe a cessation of or lapse in violent international conflict; in this international context, peace is the opposite of war.  The concept of peace also applies to the state of people within their respective geopolitical entities, as civil war, state-sponsored genocide, terrorism, and other violence are all threats to peace. Peace can also describe a relationship between any parties characterized by respect, justice, and goodwill.  The democratic peace theory, liberal peace theory, is a theory and related empirical research which holds that democracies - usually, liberal democracies - never or almost never go to war with one another, and that systematic violence is in general less common within democracies.  Studies show that democratic states are more likely than autocratic states to win the wars.  Market-oriented development creates the norms and values that explain the democratic peace. When opportunities to contract in the market are widespread, as in market-oriented developed countries, a culture of contracting emerges that encourages shared respect for individualism, negotiations, compromise, respect for the law, and equality before the law. Constrained by voters, democratically elected leaders in market-oriented developed countries abide by these norms. Mahatma Gandhi's conception of peace, ahimsa (non-violence) was not as an end, but as a means: "There is no way to peace; peace is the way" .  The US Military is authorized to provide emergency humanitarian assistance under 10USC§401. America Command responds to natural disasters. The Northern Command is often deployed in response to disasters within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (PL 93-288) 42USC§5121 et eq. and the Economy Act 31USC§1535.. Southern Command often provides humanitarian assistance in response to hurricanes in the Caribbean with particular attention to Haiti, the poorest nation in the Americas. An event must meet at least one of the following criteria to be classified as a natural disaster: economic loss of $50 million insured loss of 25 million, 10 fatalities, 50 injured or 2,000 homes or structures damaged. The United States military has the ability to be provide both humanitarian and environmental emergency disaster relief anywhere in the world. Provided that it is well received, it seems fair that emergency provisions and beneficial environmental projects such as rainmaking or pollution cleanup, supplied by the US military to international disaster relief efforts in least developed countries be accepted by the UN as US ODA.

 

Sanders, Tony J. Chapter 1 Military Diplomacy. 14th Ed. Hospitals & Asylums HA-20-5-17 233 pgs.  www.title24uscode.org/MD.pdf