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Environment 2018

 

Area

Region

Surface area km2

Population

Density

per km2

% Urban

Agricultural Production Index

% Forested/ Agricultural

% of Agricultural Land: Arable/ Permanent crops/Pastures

Threatened species / Sites Protected %

CO2 Emissions

million tons / tons per capita

Energy Production, Petajoules / energy per capita (Gigajoules)

Drinking Water

(urban / rural)

Sanitation

(urban / rural)

World

136,162,000

58.7

55.3

127

30.7 for

1,000,000 / 46.6

36,138.3 / 5

572,353/75

96.4 / 84.5

82.2 / 50.5

Africa

30,311,000

43.4

42.5

130

21.0 for

45,242/27

 

 

Americas

42,322,000

26.2

41.1 for

 

 

Asia

31,915,000

146.5

49.9

135

19.1 for

263,383/62

 

 

Europe

23,049,000

33.6

74.5

110

45.9 for

n/a / 65.6

101,099/141

99.5 / 97.6

94.2 / 88.1

Oceania

8,564,000

4.9

68.2

109

20.4 for

n/a / 36.6

16,897/165

99.5 / 59.4

97.4 / 41.1

Afghanistan

Asia, South

652,864

55.7

25.5

125

2.1 / 58.1

20.5 / 0.37 / 79

42 / 6.1

9.8 / 0.3

60/4

78.2 / 47.0

45.1 / 27.0

Albania

Europe, South

28,748

107.1

60.3

143

28.2 / 42.9

52.4 / 6.8 / 40.7

130 / 67.0

5.7 / 2.0

87/32

94.9 / 95.2

95.5 / 90.2

Algeria

Africa, North

2,381,741

17.6

72.6

151

0.8 / 17.4

18 / 2. 3 / 79.6

135 / 38.8

145.4 / 3.7

5,883/56

84.3 / 81.8

89.8 / 82.2

American Samoa

Oceania, Polynesia

199

278.4

87.2

116

87.7 / 21.8

61.2 / 38.8 / 0

92 / 61.5

100 / 100

62.5 / 62.5

Andorra

Europe, South

468

163.7

88.1

34.2 / 44.5

13.4 / 0 / 86.6

13 / 26.1

0.5 / 6.4

1/124

100 / 100

100 / 100

Angola

Africa, Melanesia

1,246,700

24.7

65.5

192

46.4 / 47.5

8.3 / 0.5 / 91.2

146 / 28.4

34.8 /1.4

4,137/24

75.4 / 28.2

88.6 / 22.5

Anguilla

Caribbean

91

167.2

100

61.1 / 0

0

52 / 0.2

0.1 / 9.8

0/151

94.6 / n/a

97.6 / n/a

Antigua & Barbuda

Caribbean

442

234.2

24.6

70

22.3 / 20.5

9.1 / 2.3 / 9.1

55 / 18.4

0.5 / 5.8

0 / 85

97.9 / 97.9

91.4 / 91.4

Argentina

America, South

2,780,400

16.3

91.9

131

9.9 / 53.9

13.9 / 0.4 / 39.6

256 / 33.2

204 / 4.7

3,100 / 83

99.0 / 100

96.2 / 98.3

Armenia

Asia, West

29,743

103.1

63.1

127

11.7 / 59.7

15.8 / 1.9 / 42

114 / 30.5

5.5 / 1.8

46 / 43

100 / 100

96.2 / 78.2

Aruba

Caribbean

180

587.1

43.4

2.3 / 11.1

11.1/0/0

32 / 47.8

0.9 / 8.4

1 / 123

98.1 / 98.1 

97.7 / 97.7

Australia

Oceania

7,692,060

3.2

86

104

15.2 / 52.9

11.6 / 0.09 / 88.4

948 / 54.3

361 / 15.3

15,938 / 220

100 / 100

100 / 100

Austria

Europe, West

83,871

106.2

58.3

100

46.9 / 38.4

16.5 / 0.8 / 21.1

118 / 66.3

58.7 / 6.9

500/ 161

100 / 100

100 / 100

Azerbaijan

Asia, West

86,600

120.1

55.7

141

13.8 / 57.6

22.8 / 2.7 / 32.1

97 / 39.4

37.5 / 3.9

2,472 / 62

94.7 / 77.8

91.6 / 86.6

Bahamas

Caribbean

13,940

39.9

83

131

51.4 / 1.4

0.8 / 0.4 / 0.2

86 / 24.7

2.4 / 6.3

0 / 87

98.4 / 98.4

92.0 / 92.0

Bahrain

Asia, West

771

2,061.8

89.3

198

0.8 / 11.3

2.1 / 3.9 / 5.3

36 / 27.5

31.3 / 23.0

957 / 420

100 / 100

99.2 / 99.2

Bangladesh

Asia, South

147,570

1,278.1

36.6

144

11.0 / 70.1

59 / 6.5 / 4.6

151 / 48.0

73.2 / 0.5

1,509 / 11

86.5 / 87.0

57.7 / 62.1

Barbados

Caribbean

432

666

31.1

85

14.7 / 32.6

25.6 / 2.3 / 4.7

56 / 2.1

1.3 / 4.5

3 / 58

99.7 / 99.7

96.2 / 96.2

Belarus

Europe, Eeast

207,600

46.6

78.6

120

42.5 / 43.7

27.2 / 0.6 / 15.9

25 / 49.1

63.5 / 6.7

146 / 11

99.9 / 99.1

94.1 / 95.2

Belgium

Europe, West

30,528

379.7

98

101

22.6 / 44.1

27.2 / 0.8 / 16.1

37 / 80.8

93.4 / 8.3

444 / 197

100 / 100

99.5 / 99.4

Belize

America, Central

22,966

16.8

45.7

97

59.9 / 6.9

3.3 / 1.4 / 2.2

117 / 46.0

0.5 / 1.4

9 / 41

98.9 / 100

93.5 / 88.2

Benin

Africa, West

114,763

101.9

47.3

153

38.2 / 31.3

22.9 / 3.5 / 4.9

88 / 77.4

6.3 / 0.5

114 / 17

85.2 / 72.1

35.6 / 7.3

Bermuda

America, North

53

1,221.4

100

112

20 / 14.8

14.8 /0 / 0

0.6 / 9.2

1 / 133

 

 

Bhutan

Asia, South

38,394

21.4

40.9

102

72.3 / 13.6

2.6 / 0.3 / 10.7

72 / 16.2

1.0 / 1.3

77 / 82

100 / 100

77.9 / 33.1

Bolivia

America, South

1,098,581

10.4

69.4

147

50.6 / 34.3

3.6 / 0.2 / 30.5

231 / 56.2

20.4 / 1.9

871 /31

96.7 / 75.6

60.8 / 27.5

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba

Caribbean

78.4

74.9

56 / 39.3

0.3 / 13.3

0 / 212

 

 

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Europe, South

51,209

68.7

48.2

118

42.7 / 42.2

19.7 / 2 / 20.5

91 / 12

22.2 / 5.8

257 /87

99.7 / 100

98.9 / 92

Botswana

Africa, South

582,000

4.1

69.4

120

19.1 / 45.8

0.6 / 0 / 45.2

28 / 47.1

7.0 / 3.2

56 / 35

99.2 / 92.3

78.5 / 43.1

Brazil

America, South

8,515,767

25.2

86.6

136

59 / 0

0

990 / 47.6

530 / 2.6

11,456 / 59

100 / 87

88 / 51.5

British Virgin Islands

Caribbean

151

211.5

47.7

103

24.1 / 46.7

6.7 / 6.7 / 33.3

67 / 9.4

0.2 / 6.0

0 / 84

 

97.5 / 97.5

Brunei

Asia, South-east

5,765

82.4

77.6

169

72.1 / 2.5

0.8 / 1.1 / 0.5

193 / 62.9

9.1 / 21.6

673 / 269

 

 

Bulgaria

Europe, East

111,002

64.8

75

114

35.2 / 46.9

29.9 / 1.5 / 15.5

104 / 95.6

42.4 / 5.9

505 /108

99.6 / 99

86.8 / 83.7

Burkina Faso

Africa, West

272,967

72.2

29.4

125

19.6 / 43

20.8 / 0.3 / 21.9

31 / 71.8

2.8 / 0.1

126 / 9

97.5 / 75.8

50.4 / 6.7

Burma (Myanmar)

Asia, South-east

676,577

82.4

30.6

137

44.5 / 19.2

16.5 / 2.2 / 0.5

321 / 22.9

21.6 / 0./4

1,141 / 16

92.7 / 74.4

84.3 / 77.1

Burundi

Africa, East

27,830

436.8

13

108

10.7 / 73.3

38.9 / 15.6 / 18.8

61 / 51.2

0.4 / 0

56 / 5

91.1 / 73.8

43.3 / 48.6

Cabo Verde

Africa, West

4,033

137.3

65.7

97

22.3 / 18.6

11.7 / 0.7 / 6.2

65 / 15.1

0.5 / 1.0

2 / 17

94 / 87.3

81.6 / 54.3

Cambodia

Asia, South-east

181,035

92

23.4

186

53.6 / 32.1

22.7 / 0.9 / 8.5

255 / 39.5

6.7 / 0.4

184 / 19

100 / 69.1

88.1 / 30.5

Cameroon

Africa, Middle

475,650

52.2

56.4

175

39.8 / 20.6

13.1 / 3.3 / 4.2

775 / 36.3

7.0 / 0.3

446 / 14

94.8 / 52.7

61.8 / 26.8

Canada

America, North

9,984,670

4.1

81.4

113

38.2 / 6.8

4.7 / 0.5 / 1.6

122 / 25.7

537 / 15.1

19,321 / 310

100 / 99

100 / 99

Cayman Islands

Caribbean

264

259.8

100

103

52.9 / 11.2

0.8 / 2.1 / 8.3

74 / 32.5

0.5 / 9.2

132 per capita

97.4 / n/a

95.6 /n/a

Central-African Republic

Africa, Middle

622,984

7.6

41.4

122

35.6 / 8.1

2.9 / 0.1 / 5.1

60 / 74.4

0.3 / 0.1

19 / 5

89.6 / 54.4

43.6 / 7.2

Chad

Africa, Middle

1,284,000

12.2

23.1

150

3.9 / 39.6

3.9 / 0 / 35.7

43 / 70.6

0.7 / 0

225 / 6

71.8 / 44.8

31.4 / 6.5

Channel Islands (UK)

Europe, North

180

874.1

30.9

4.2 /

 

 

Chile

America, South

756,102

24.5

87.6

114

23.9 / 21.1

1.7 / 0.6 / 18.8

197 / 35.7

83 / 4.7

540 / 84

99.7 / 93.3

100 / 90.9

China

Asia, East

9,600,000

150.7

59.2

139

22.2 / 54.7

11.3 / 1.6 / 41.8

1,080 / 47.6

10,292 / 7.5

100,864 / 87

97.5 / 93

86.6 / 63.7

China, Hong Kong

Asia, East

1,106

7,75.1

100

59

0 / 5

3. / 0.9 / 0.9

64 / 56.7

46.2 / 6.4

80 G per capita

 

 

China, Macau

Asia, East

30

21,151.1

100

90

11 / 0

1.3 / 2.2

2 / 68

 

 

Colombia

America, South

1,141,748

44.6

80.8

115

52.7 / 37.5

1.4 / 1.6 / 34.5

835 / 38

84.1 / 1.8

5,593 / 31

96.8 / 73.3

85.2 / 67.9

Comoros

Africa, East

2,235

447.3

29

109

19.9 / 84.4

46.7 / 29.6 / 8.1

114 / 10.4

0.2 / 0.2

3 / 7

92.6 / 89.1

48.3 / 30.9

Congo, Republic of

Africa, Middle

342,000

15.8

66.9

138

65.4 / 31.1

1.6 / 0.2 / 29.3

134 / 72.1

3.1 / 0.7

623 / 24

95.8 / 40

20 / 5.6

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Africa, Middle

2,344,858

37.1

44.5

109

67.3 / 11.4

3.1 / 0.3 / 8

349 / 40.1

4.7 / 0.1

1,218 / 16

81.1 / 31.2

28.5 / 28.7

Cook Islands

Oceania, Polynesia

236

72.5

75.1

91

62.9 / 8.4

4.2 / 4.2 / 0

75 / 22.4

0.1 / 3.4

0 / 41

99.9 / 99.9

97.6 / 97.6

Costa Rica

America, Central

51,100

97.0

79.3

129

54.0 / 37.1

4.9 / 6.7 / 25.5

340 / 45.3

7.8 / 1.6

110 / 43

99.6 / 91.6

95.2 / 92.3

Cote d’Ivoire

Africa, West

322,463

78.3

50.8

127

32.7 / 64.8

9.1 / 14.2 / 41.5

249 / 79.1

11 / 0.5

526 / 24

93.1 / 68.8

32.8 / 10.3

Croatia

Europe, South

56,594

74.4

56.9

121

34.3 / 23.7

16 / 1.5 / 6.2

176 / 72

16.8 / 4.0

184 /83

99.6 / 99.7

97.8 / 95.8

Cuba

Caribbean

109,884

107.9

77

103

30.8 / 60.3

33.8 / 3.6 / 22.9

339 / 73.4

34.8 / 3.0

212 / 42

96.4 / 89.9

94.4 / 89.1

Curacao

Caribbean

444

363.9

89.1

10 ag

10 / 0 / 0

51 / 40.4

5.9 / 37.8

0 / 592

 

 

Cyprus

Asia, West

9,251

128.7

66.8

79

18.7 / 13.4

9.8 / 3.2 / 0.4

72 / 57.8

6.1 / 5.2

5 / 73

100 / 100

100 / 100

Czechia

Europe, East

78,868

137.6

73.8

100

34.5 / 54.8

41 / 1 / 12.8

53 / 92.3

96.5 / 9.2

1,213 / 167

100 / 100

99.1 / 99.2

Denmark

Europe, North

42,921

135.6

87.9

101

14.6 / 63.4

58.9 / 0.1 / 4.4

47 / 89.7

33.5 / 5.9

662 / 118

100 / 100

99.6 / 99.6

Djibouti

Africa, East

23,200

41.9

77.8

133

0.2 / 73.4

0.1 / 0 / 73.3

98 / 0.9

0.7 / 0.8

4 / 11

97.4 / 64.7

59.8 / 5.1

Dominica

Caribbean

750

99.1

70.5

113

57.8 / 34.7

8 / 24 / 2.7

66 / 44.3

0.1 /1.9

0 / 37

95.7 / n/a

n/a

Dominican Republic

Caribbean

48,671

225.2

81.1

145

41.0 / 51.5

16.6 / 10.1 / 24.8

184 / 76.2

21.5 / 2.1

25 / 31

85.4 / 81.9

86.2 / 75.7

Ecuador

America, South

257,217

67.9

63.8

115

50.5 / 29.7

4.7 / 5.6 / 19.4

2,358 / 29

43.9 / 2.8

1,297 / 40

93.4 / 75.5

87.0 / 80.7

Egypt

Africa, North

1,002,000

99.8

42.7

124

0.1 / 3.6

2.8 / 0.8 / 0

156 / 39.6

201.9 / 2.2

3,051 / 38

100 / 99

96.8 / 93.1

El Salvador

America, Central

21,041

309.4

72

111

12.8 / 74.7

33.1 / 10.9 / 30.7

86 / 26.6

6.3 / 1.0

87 / 29

97.5 / 86.6

82.4 / 60

Equatorial Guinea

Africa, Middle

28,052

46.8

72.1

115

55.9 / 10.1

4.3 / 2.1 / 3.7

177 / 100

5.3 / 6.5

879 / 84

72.5 / 31.5

79.9 / 71

Eritrea

Africa, East

117,600

51.4

40.1

104

15.0 / 75.1

6.8 / 0 / 68.3

122 / 13.3

0.7 / 0.1

27 / 7

73.2 / 53.3

44.6 / 7.3

Estonia

Europe, North

45,227

30.8

68.9

128

52.7 / 22.2

14.9 / 0.1 / 7.2

23 / 94.9

19.5 / 14.8

233 / 176

100 / 99

97.5 / 96.6

Eswatini

Africa, South

17,363

80.9

23.8

113

34.1 / 68.3

9.8 / 0.8 / 57.7

34 / 30.3

1.2 / 1.0

38 / 38

93.6 / 68.9

63.1 / 56

Ethiopia

Africa, East

1,104,300

107.5

20.8

164

12.5 / 36.3

15.2 / 1.1 / 20

148 / 19.8

11.6 / 0.1

1,334 / 15

93.1 / 48.6

27.2 / 28.2

Falkland Islands (Malvinas)

America, South

12,173

0.2

77.7

96

0 / 92.4

0 / 0 / 92.4

23 / 10.9

0.1 / 18.9

0 / 257

 

 

Faroe Islands

Europe, North

1,393

35.5

42.1

101

0.1 / 2.1

2.1 / 0 / 0

21 / 6.7

06 / 12.4

1 / 188

 

 

Fiji

Oceania, Melanesia

18,272

49.9

56.2

84

55.7 / 23.3

9 / 4.7 / 9.6

291 / 4.9

1.2 /1.3

8 / 43

99.5 / 91.2

94.3 / 88.4

Finland

Europe, North

338,440

18.2

85.4

97

73.1 / 7.5

7.4 / 0 / 0.1

36 / 72.6

47.3 / 8.6

734 / 245

100 / 100

99.4 / 88

France

Europe, West

551,500

119.1

80.4

96

31.0 / 52.7

33.4 / 1.8 / 17.5

278 / 81.2

303.3 / 4.7

5,720 / 155

100 / 100

98.6 / 98.9

French Guiana

America, South

83,534

3.5

85.3

127

98.9 for

73 / 67.4

0.7 / 2.8

3 / 46

94.5 / 75.1

94.9 / 75.8

French Polynesia

Oceania, Polynesia

4,000

78.1

61.8

102

42.3 / 12.5

0.7 / 6.3 / 5.5

175 / 5.4

0.8 / 2.9

1 / 41

100 /100

98.5 / 98.5

Gabon

Africa, Middle

267,668

8.0

89.4

123

89.3 / 19

1.3 / 0.6 / 17.2

270 / 61.7

5.2 / 3.1

556 / 62

97.2 / 66.7

43.4 / 31.5

Gambia

Africa, West

11,295

213.8

61.3

106

48.2 / 56.1

41 / 0.5 / 14.6

67 / 34.6

0.5 / 0.3

7 / 7

94.2 / 84.4

61.5 / 55

Georgia

Asia, West

69,700

56.2

58.6

74

40.6 / 35.5

5.8 / 1.8 / 27.9

120 / 28.4

9.0 / 2.2

58 / 49

100 / 100

95.2 / 75.9

Germany

Europe, West

357,376

236.1

77.3

107

32.7 / 48

34.1 / 0.6 / 13.3

116 / 78.6

719.9 / 8.9

5,007 / 160

100 / 100

99.3 / 99

Ghana

Africa, West

238,537

129.5

56.1

153

41 / 69.1

20.7 / 11.9 / 36.5

238 / 85

14.5 / 0.6

372 / 12

92.6 / 84

20.2 / 8.6

Gibraltar

Europe, South

6

3,473.3

100

0 / 0

0

31 / 35

0.5 / 16.5

272 G per capita

 

 

Greece

Europe, South

131,957

86.4

79.1

93

31.5 / 63.4

19.7 / 8.9 / 34.8

374 / 73.2

67.3 / 6.1

355 / 90

100 / 100

99.2 / 98.1

Greenland (Denmark)

America, North

2,166,086

0.1

86.8

98

0 / 0.6

0 / 0 / 0.6

23 / 30.3

0.5 / 9/0

2 / 158

100 / 100

100 /100

Grenada

Caribbean

345

318.6

36.3

128

50 / 32.3

8.8 / 20.6 / 2.9

54 / 42.7

0.2 / 2.3

0 / 38

99 / 95.3

97.5 / 98.3

Guadeloupe

Caribbean

1,785

265.8

98.5

92

43 for

73 / 80.8

2.6 / 5.5

5 / 71

99.3 / 99.8

97 / 89.5

Guam

Oceania, Micronesia

549

306.9

94.8

78

46.3 / 33.4

1.9 / 16.7 / 14.8

99 / 40.2

99.5 / 99.5

89.8 / 89.8

Guatemala

America, Central

108,889

160.9

51.1

158

33.0 / 41.2

14.2 / 8.8 / 18.2

290 / 30.8

18.3 / 1.1

316 / 29